Robina Mathieson and her son Robert Mathieson

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The marriage of Robina to James Mathieson was recorded on 18 August 1840 in Lasswade, Midlothian. This gives the brides married name as Adams and from later census records and her death certificate she would seem to have been born circa 1807 in Newton, Midlothian. However on her later death certificate the names her parents were listed as "unknown" and as of yet they have not been identified. There is however a record of what is assumed to Robina, prior to her marriage to James, resident in a household in West Wynd Shoemaker's Close, working as a Hat Picker.

1834 "Census" for Dalkeith, Midlothian

West Wynd Shoemakers Close - House Number 553

Name Age Occupation Place of Worship
Margaret Brown      
Margaret Ross 1 1/2    
Reubina Adams   Hat Picker  

For the census of 1841 Robina was recorded resident in Sandy Dean, Lasswade Parish, along with her husband James, two of James's sons by his previous marriage to Margaret Smith, John and William, and a Robert, aged 4. Robert would seem to have been born about 1837, therefore prior to Robina and James Mathieson's marriage. It would seem likely that Robert was either their son, the marriage happening after the birth, (not uncommon), or possibly the son of Robina Adams from a previous marriage/relationship. Unfortunately no record of Robert's birth or death has been found to ascertain which of the two is correct. However for his three later marriage certificates Robert was recorded as the son of James Mathieson and Robina Adams, so as of this moment it is assume the former instance is correct and Robert was the son of James Mathieson and Robina Adams.

1841 Census (7th. June) Lasswade (691) Folio 10 Book 10 Page 6

Sandy Dean, Lasswade Parish

Name Age Occupation Where Born
James Mathieson 50 Mason I. Yes
John Mathieson 15 Labourer Yes
William Mathieson 14 Labourer Yes
Robert Mathieson 4   Yes
Rabennay (Robina) Mathieson 30   Yes
Alexander Dickson 17 Labourer Yes

Sometime after 1841 and prior to 31 March 1851 James Mathieson died as for the 1851 census Robina was rrecorded as a Widow,, working as a Lace Worker, resident in the High Street, Pursells Close, Dalkeith, along with her son Robert, aged 14, an Iron Moulder, and a lodger Jessie Ronaldson, aged 17, a Paper Maker Rag Cutter.

1851 Census (31st March) Dalkeith (683) Book ? Page 25

High Street, Pursells Close, Dalkeith

Name Relationship Age Occupation Where Born
Robina Mathieson Head - Widow 45 Lace Worker Newton, Midlothian
Robert Mathieson Son 14 Iron Moulder Dalkeith, Midlothian#
Jessie Ronaldson Lodger 17 Paper Maker - Rag Cutter Dalkeith, Midlothian

Ten years later for the 1861 census Robina was living in Scott's Close, Dalkeith, along with a boarder Catherine Matheson and Catherine's daughter Catherine Young.  Catherine is definitely recorded as a "boarder" and not as "related".  I have been unable to either identify who exactly Catherine Matheson was, or find a record of a birth of her daughter Catherine, although it would seem possible that Catherine and Robina were related if only by marriage?

1861 Census (8 April) Dalkeith 683 Book 10 Page 8

Scott's Close, Dalkeith

Name Relationship Age Occupation Where Born
Robina Matheson Head- widow 55 Lace Worker Newton, Midlothian
Catherine Matheson Lodger (Widow) 29 Domestic Servant Cockpen, Midlothian
Catherine Young Daughter 2   Dalkeith, Midlothian

For the same census her son, Robert, was lodging in the house of an Ann Thompson in Cuthbert Street, Winlaton, Gateshead, Durham, working as an Iron Founder. NOTE: It may be of significance that deceased husband of Ann Thompson was a Robert Thompson, a Cordwainer, born circa 1802 in Edinburgh, Midlothian. (1851 census - Winlaton Cottage, Gateshead, Durham). Robert Mathieson had a half brother William THOMSON Mathieson, the son of his father James Mathieson and his first wife Margaret Smith, born 30 March 1826 in Dalkeith, Edinburgh. Although Thompson was a very common surname, there is at least a possibility that there was some connection between the Mathieson family and this Durham\Northumberland Thompson family, although as of yet I have been unable to identify any link.

1861 Census (8 April) Gateshead RG9 /3808 Book 5 Page 18

Cuthbert Street, Winlaton, Gateshead, Durham

Name Relationship Age Occupation Where Born
Ann Thompson Head- widow 50   Ryton, Durham
William Thompson Son 22 Bottle Maker Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland
Robert Thompson Son 20 Iron Founder Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland
Thomas Thompson Son 9 Scholar Winlaton, Durham
Robert Mathson Lodger 24 Iron Founder Dalkeith, Edinburghshire
Robert Methol Lodger 28 Iron Founder Dalkeith, Edinburghshire

On 11 June 1869 in Dalkeith, Midlothian, Robert, an iron moulder, married Janet Wilson daughter of James Wilson, a coal miner, and Isabella Telfer. Janet was born on 26 March 1849 and baptised on 15 April 1849 in Newton, Midlothian. Robert and Janet had one child, Isabella Telfer Mathieson born mid 1870 in Dalkeith, Midlothian. For the census of 1871 Robert and his mother were still in Dalkeith but living in separate households. Robina was at Henry’s Row, Dalkeith. The Catherine Young aged 2 from Robina's 1861 census is recorded in this census also.

1871 Census (3 April) Dalkeith 683 Book 1 Page 3

Henrys Row, Dalkeith

Name Relationship Age Occupation Where Born
Robina Mathieson Head- widow 65 Lace Worker Newton, Midlothian
Catherine Young Lodger 12 Scholar Dalkeith, Midlothian

Meanwhile Robert, Janet and the baby Isabella were recorded at Louries land, Dalkeith.

1871 Census (3 April) Dalkeith 683 Book 4 Page 24

Louries Land, Dalkeith

Name Relationship Age Occupation Where Born
Robert Mathieson Head 30 Iron Moulder Dalkeith, Midlothian
Jessie Mathieson Wife 22 Iron Moulder’s Wife Newton, Midlothian
Isabella Mathieson Daughter 10 months   Dalkeith, Midlothian

Janet Mathieson, nee Wilson, died 6 months after this census, on 10 October 1871 in Lewis Land, West Wynd, Dalkeith, Midlothian. The cause of death was smallpox and a miscarriage after eight days. The two other deaths recorded on the same page as being a result of smallpox which might suggest that Dalkeith was suffering a smallpox epidemic at the time.

Sadly a year after the death of Janet their daughter Isabella also died. The death occured on 23 September 1872 in Smeatonhead, Dalkeith, Midlothian. The cause of death was hooping cough.

Robert secondly married Margaret Robertson daughter of Alexander Robertson, a paper maker, and Christina Robertson on 10 March 1873 in Inveresk. Margaret was born about 1849 in Edinburgh, Midlothian. Robert and Margaret had one child, Christina, born on 27 May 1874 in Pursells Close, Dalkeith, Midlothian. Sadly Margaret, the mother, died less than a month later on 23 June 1874 in Pursells Close, Dalkeith, Midlothian. The cause of death was congestion of the lungs presumably while weak after the birth.

Robert finally married Ann Stewart daughter of James Stewart, a papermill worker, and Beatrice Edgar on 16 November 1877 in Dalkeith, Midlothian. Ann was born on 19 January 1836 in Edinburgh, Midlothian.

On 13th September 1879, Robert’s mother Robina Mathieson died aged 72. Her death of "senile debility" was recorded at Common Close in Dalkeith, the house of her son Robert. He was the informant, and although he could identify her late husband as "James Mathieson, journeyman mason", he could not supply his mother’s maiden name or her parents names.

For the census of 1881 Robert, Ann and Christina (Robert’s daughter by Margaret Robertson) were living in Vints Close, Dalkeith

1881 Census (4th April) Dalkeith (683) Book 12 Page 6.

Vints Close, Dalkeith

Name Relationship Age Occupation Where Born
Robert Mathieson Head 43 Iron Moulder Dalkeith, Midlothian
Ann Mathieson Wife 42   Edinburgh, Midlothian
Christina Mathieson Daughter 6 Scholar Dalkeith, Midlothian

A fairly extensive search of the 1891 census for Scotland has been made and no sign of Robert and\or Ann has been identified. It is possible that the family were not resident in Scotland at this time, and had possibly moved to England based on Robert's time working around Gateshead back in 1861. However so far no obvious record of the family for 1891 in England has been discovered either!

For the 1901 census his wife Ann was living with her neice Jane Anderson in Berries Court, Dalkeith, recorded as a widow, and therefore Robert must have died between the census of 1881 and the census of 1901. Again a fairly extensive search of the death indexes for Scotland from 1881 to 1901 has been undertaken without uncovering Robert’s death which may add weight to the theory that the family had moved away from Scotland during this period and Robert’s death had occurred outside of Scotland.

1901 Census ( April) Dalkeith (683) Book 2 Page 16.

Berries Court Lothian Road, Dalkeith

Name Relationship Age Occupation Where Born
Jane Anderson Head - widow 34 Manglewoman and U.P. Church Cleaner (See Note At End) Colsdstream, Berwickshire
William Anderson Son 12 Scholar Dalkeith, Midlothian
Alexander Anderson Son 7 Scholar Dalkeith, Midlothian
James Anderson Son 5 Scholar Dalkeith, Midlothian
Ann Mathieson Aunt - widow 60 Pont Lodge Gatekeeper at Newbattle Newington, Midlothian

Sadly a few days after this census Ann Mathieson died on 13 April 1901 in Berries Court, Dalkeith. What became of Christina is currently unknown.

Note. Jane Anderson was originally Jane Main, the daughter of William Main, a skinner, and Allison Stewart, Ann Stewart’s sister. Jane Main’s parents, William and Allison, were married on 20th July 1860 in Newbattle.. Jane married Joseph Anderson, a Labourer in an Iron Foundry, on 31 December 1885, in Dalkeith. Joseph died between the censuses of 1891 and 1901.

Joseph Anderson was born 6 June 1863 in Lasswade, the son of John Anderson, a ship’s joiner, and Catherine Cameron, who were married on 4 January 1858 in Dalkeith.