This page is an attempt to outline what I know about my Mathieson ancestry in as "readable" format as possible. Please note whereas I try to ensure that what I publish is correct, and to differentiate between what is supported by documentation etc, and what is, in my opinion, a reasonable assumption, everything should be treated with caution. IF you have come across information that you believe is relevant to your own research please either verify it independently or drop me a line to confirm its validity. Equally if believe something is incorrect, or if you wish to add any details or discuss please get in touch using the Contact Form.
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The furthest back that we can trace our particular branch of the Mathieson family, so far, is to a James Mathieson, a journeyman mason, (henceforth referred to as James Mathieson I to avoid later confusion) and a Margaret Smith whose marriage was recorded in the parish register of Dalkeith, Midlothian on 12th November 1808. At the time of the marriage James was identified as a soldier in the Edinburgh Militia. The fact that he was a serving soldier at the time rather than a Mason is probably because of the mobilisation of Militias etc due to the perceived threat of a French invasion led by Napoleon Bonaparte. In fact in the records of both James and Margaret's first two children, Alexander born 2 September 1809 with the baptism recorded on 10 September 1809 in Dunbar, East Lothian and "our" James, born on 10 December 1811 and baptised on 1 January 1812 in Dalkeith, Midlothian, James, the father, was again identified as a soldier in the Edinburgh Militia. Thereafter all records James Mathieson 1 identify him as a Mason. There are records of a further six children to James and Margaret recorded in the parish register of Dalkeith, Helen Mathieson born 14 January 1816, Euphemia Mathieson born 15 April 1818, Violet Mathieson born 3 February 1820, John Mathieson born 13 February 1822, Jonathon Mathieson born 2 December 1823, and William Thomson Mathieson born 30 March 1826. (For further details on the know children of James Mathieson and Margaret Smith - click here)
On 7th April 1831 James Mathieson II, at the age of nineteen years and seven months, enlisted in the 91st. Argyllshire Regiment of Foot for a bounty of £3.00, a payment of 2/6d. on "attestation", and a wage of 1 shilling and 1 pence per day thereafter. (For further details of James Mathieson and the 91st. Argyllshire Regiment of Foot - click here) At the time of his enlistment James Mathieson II was 5'7 1/2" tall, of fair complexion, with fair hair and grey eyes. He had been working as a labourer prior to his enlistment and his brave attempt to sign his enlistment papers shows him to have been more or less illiterate.
In 1834 there was a form of census carried out in Dalkeith which identifies what what would appear to be James Mathieson I along with his wife. Mrs Mathieson, his two younger daughters, Euphemia aged 16, and Violet aged 14. His two younger sons John aged 10 and William aged 7. There is a further member of the household listed, Alexander Mathieson, but with no age given. This could potentially be James's elder brother or possibly his father.
1834 Census of Dalkeith, Midlothian
Wilsons Close (House number - 1116)
|Name||Age||Occupation||Place of Worship|
|James Mathieson||Mason||Established Church of Scotland|
Meanwhile was James Mathieson II was serving with the 91st regiment mainly in Ireland, but in the spring of 1838, while the regiment was in Scotland, he was hospitalised, possibly in Dundee. After his recovery he spent the next three years recruiting for the regiment in Central Scotland and the Borders, remaining behind when the regiment returned to Ireland in the summer of 1840.
It was probably during this time in the period December 1838 to May 1839 whilst recruiting in Hawick, that James met and married?? Agnes Scott, the daughter, according to her later death certificate, of William Scott, a shoemaker, and Elizabeth Thorburn. From her age given in later censuses and her death certificate, she was born in 1815/16. The 1851, 1871, and 1881 census records all have her born in Hawick, however the 1861 census is in disagreement and has her born in "Selkirkshire". Strangely this 1861 census may be correct. No actual record of the birth of Agnes Scott, nor of her parent's marriage, has yet been found, nor any record of her subsequent marriage to James Mathieson II . (For further details of Agnes Scotts probable parentage - click here)
On 23rd February 1840, James Mathieson and Agnes Scott had a daughter, Elizabeth. This birth was recorded in the parish records of Ayr, where James Mathieson was recruiting for the regiment at the time. In October of the same year he was awarded "the distinction of one ring". This was not promotion, but an "honourable distinction". (A good conduct award without the bonus of extra pay!!)
For the census of 1841, back in Midlothian, James Mathieson I seems to have moved from Dalkieth itself, and was recorded resident at Sandy Dean, Lasswade Parish. (Just "next door" to Dalkeith.) He was recorded as aged 50, an independent (self-employed?) Mason. and his two younger sons John Mathieson, aged 15, and William Mathieson, aged 14, are included in the household, both identified as labourers. The Rabennay Mathieson, aged 30, listed in the household was James's second wife Robina Adam, whom James had married on 18 August 1840 in Lasswade parish. It would appear, therefore, that his first wife, Margaret Smith, had passed away. There is a record in the Dalkeith parish register of the burial on 13 March 1835 in the "New graveyard of Dalkeith" of a JEAN Smith. She was recorded as aged 54, the wife of James Mathieson, mason, and to have died on 11 March 1835 of consumption and I would surmise that despite the forename being recorded as Jean, this was in fact Margaret Smith, James Mathieson's mother. This would also be consistant with her being included as "Mrs Mathieson" in the 1834 household listing referred to earlier. Also included in the household was a further child, Robert Mathieson. Assuming that it was James's first wife Margaret who died in 1835 then it would seem that Robert, born about 1837, was either the son of James Mathieson I and Robina Adams, the marriage happening after the birth, (not uncommon), or he was the son of Robina Adams from a previous marriage or "relationship". Unfortunately neither a birth record or a death record has been found to ascertain which of the two is correct. However on all of his three later marriage certificates Robert is recorded as the son of James Mathieson and Robina Adams and also for the census of 1851 he is recorded as Robina’s son, not step-son which would make the former possibility "best" guess. NOTE: There is a record of what would appear to be Robina Adam in the 1834 Dalkeith listing, although with the surname listed as Adams not Adam. She was identified as Reubina Adams, resident at West Wynd Shoemakers Close, in Dalkeith, working as a "Hat Picker". Also included in the household was Margaret Brown, with no age or occupation given, and a Margaret Ross aged 1 1/2.
1841 Census (7th. June) Lasswade (691) Folio 10 Book 10 Page 6
Sandy Dean, Lasswade Parish
|James Mathieson||50||Mason I.||Yes|
|Rabennay (Robina) Mathieson||30||Yes|
For the same census James Mathieson II was recorded in Kimarnock where he was recruiting for the regiment. The regiment itself was over in Ireland. Along with James are his wife Agnes, their 17 month old daughter Elizabeth and a James Lang, also a soldier, presumably a further member of the recruiting party.
1841 Census (7th. June) Kilmarnock (597) Folio 0 Book 23 Page 19
Sandbed Street, Kilmarnock
|Elizabeth Mathieson||17 months||Yes|
James Mathieson II and Agnes Scotts next child, and the next step in our family history, was a son James Mathieson III, born according to his baptismal entry in the Military Records, on 1st April 1842 in Newport, Isle of Wight, and baptised on 12th October 1842 in the St. James Chapel, Isle of Wight.
On the face of it, this would fit, as according to the regimental muster records, his father, James Mathieson II, had been recalled from recruiting in Dumfries on 12th March of that year, and by the beginning of April was back at the regimental depot at Parkhurst, Isle of Wight. (The main part of the regiment had gone to South Africa to fight in the "Kaffir Wars", with only the reserves remaining at Parkhurst.) However later census records give Dumfries as his place of birth. This would also make sense as James Mathieson's wife Agnes Scott, would have been heavily pregnant at the time of his recall, and may well have remained behind in Dumfries awaiting the birth of the baby before undertaking the journey to the Isle of Wight. However no record of the birth has been found in either the "Official Register of Births" which had started in England in 1837, or in the parish records for Dumfries, and without such confirmation as to the actual whereabouts of the event, James Mathieson's place of birth must remain as either Newport, Isle of Wight or Dumfries.
James Mathieson II remained with the Reserves in and around the Isle of Wight, latterly becoming a batman to the Company Commanding Officer, until the return of the regiment from South Africa in 1848/49. Over this period his pay increased with the addition of "Good Conduct Pay", starting with an extra 2d. per day on 9th April 1845, increasing to an extra 3d. per day on 9th April 1846, and finally reaching an extra 4d. per day on 9th April 1849. Added to his original starting pay of 1 shilling and 1 pence, this would meaning him earning a wage of 1 shilling and 5 pence per day!!
For the census of 1851 James was in West Derby Union Barracks, in Liverpool, along with the Regiment.
1851 Census (31st March) Liverpool HO107/2190 Folio 623 Book 8 Page 14
West Derby Union Barracks, Liverpool
|James Mathieson||Married||39||Private 91st Regiment||Dalkeith, Edinburgh|
His wife Agnes, daughter Elizabeth, and son James were also recorded in Liverpool, but staying in the Birchfield Barracks along with another section of the regiment. Included in this census is a further son, William, aged 2, whose birth in Portsmouth in 1849 is recorded in the "Index of the Register of Army Births" under the 91st Argyllshire Regiment of Foot. The births of a further two Mathieson children are recorded in this selfsame index, William Mathieson, (Isle of Wight 1844) and Alexander Mathieson, (Isle of Wight 1847). The fact that James and Agnes definitely have a son William in this census born in 1849 means logically that the William born in the Isle of Wight in 1844 was either not theirs or died in infancy. The fact that there is also no sign of a son Alexander aged 4 in this census would also suggest that Alexander Mathieson born in 1847 was not theirs or died in infancy.
1851 Census (31st March) Liverpool HO107/2185 Folio 729 Book 8 Page 14
Birchfield Barracks, Liverpool
|Agnes Mathieson||Married||33||Wife of Pt. James Mathieson 91st Reg.||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Elizabeth Mathieson||11||Daug. of Pt. James Mathieson 91st Reg.||Ayrshire|
|James Mathieson||9||Son of Pt. James Mathieson 91st Reg.||Dumfries-shire|
|William Mathieson||2||Son of Pt. James Mathieson 91st Reg.||Portsmouth, Hampshite|
Back home in Midlothian sometime in the period 1841-1851 James Mathieson I had died, and by 1851 his widow Robina was living in Dalkeith, where she and young Robert are recorded as living in Pursells Close, High Street, Dalkeith for the census of that year. (For further details of Robina Mathieson and her son Robert - click here)
1851 Census (31st March) Dalkeith (683) Book ? Page 25
High Street, Pursells Close, Dalkeith
|Robina Mathieson||Head - Widow||45||Lace Worker||Newton, Midlothian|
|Robert Mathieson||Son||14||Iron Moulder||Dalkeith, Midlothian#|
|Jessie Ronaldson||Lodger||17||Paper Maker - Rag Cutter||Dalkeith, Midlothian|
By the summer of 1851, with the return of the main part of the regiment, and after intensive recruiting to make up the numbers of a regiment severely depleted by war and disease in South Africa, the 91st. were back in Ireland with James Mathieson II with them. They were initially stationed in Belfast, and whilst there James Mathieson II and Agnes Scott had their second daughter, Catherine, baptised at Rosemary Street Church, Belfast, on 27th November 1851.
In the April of 1852 the regiment were moved to Enniskillen, and it was whilst stationed there that James Mathieson II was discharged from the 91st. as being unfit for duty due to "Pulmonary Consumption". He officially left the regiment on 29th November 1852, still a Private, having served 21 years and 235 days, and having been awarded, in the April of that year, a silver medal for "Good and Faithful Service". Also in recognition of his long service he was awarded a pension from the Chelsea Hospital, as an "out pensioner". According to his discharge papers it was James Mathieson II's intention to set up home back in Dalkeith, the place of his birth. Whether he did so or not is not known, but if he did it must have been for only a couple of years or so, for by 6th February 1856, on the registration of the birth of his final child, a daughter Euphemia, he was living at 3 Back Row, Hawick, employed as a "nursery labourer".(For further details of the known children of James Mathieson and Agnes Scott - click here)
On 14th October 1859 at Cotgreen, Melrose, James Mathieson II's son, James Mathieson III, married Janet Dickson. The marriage certificate identified James as aged 19, a Farm Servant, resident at Kaeside farm, near Melrose, and the son of James Mathieson, a Gardener, and Agnes Mathieson, maiden surname Scott. Janet was identified as aged 20, an Outworker, resident at Cotgreen, the farm next but one to Kaeside, and the daughter of John Dickson, an Agricultural Labourer (deceased), and Euphemia Dickson, maiden name Murray. I am confident that Janet was actually the daughter of WILLIAM Dickson and Euphemia Murray born\baptised 25th February 1837, Melrose, Roxburghshire. (For further details of William Dickson and Euphemia Murray, Janet's parents - click here). There is a record of a William Dickson born on 25th July 1857 in Melrose, Roxburghshire, who was a "natural" child of Janet Dickson. No fathers name was given on the certificate but I suspect James Mathieson was NOT William's father. For further details of this William Dickson, his marriage and children - click here
It was at Cotgreen that the newly weds set up home, and it was there, on 29th March 1860, that their first child and the next link in our family history, a son James Mathieson IV was born. Sadly it was also at Cotgreen, only two months after the birth of James, that Janet Dickson died, on 28th May 1860, aged only 23. She was identified on her death certificate as the wife of an Agricultural Labourer (married), and the daughter of John Dickson, an Agricultural Labourer (deceased), and Agnes Dickson, maiden name Murray. She was laid to rest in Melrose Churchyard and the informant was James Mathieson, her husband. Once again there is an error with her parents names but this time with her mother being identified as Agnes instead of Euphemia! This explains why, for the census of 8th April 1861, we find the baby James Mathieson IV living with his grand-parents at 3 Back Row, Hawick. The whereabouts of James and Agness children - Elizabeth who would have been aged 21, and William, who would have been aged 12 - is currently unknown. In the case of Elizabeth she may well left home and possibly married. In the case of William his absence may signify his death in infancy.
1861 Census (8th. April) Hawick (789) Book 12. Page 3.
3 Back Row, Hawick. (2nd. back house)
|James Mathieson||Head||49||Chelsea Pensioner||Edinburghshire|
|James Mathieson||Grandson||11 months||Roxburghshire|
For the 1861 census the recently widowed James Mathieson III was working as a agricultural labourer for a John Shiell at Rowflat in Ancrum parish.
1861 Census (8th. April) Hawick (780) Book 4. Page 13.
Rowflat, Ancrum, Roxburghshire
|John Shiell||Head||73||Farmer 230 acres employing 6 Labourers||Eccles, Berwickshire|
|Hellen Shiell||Wife||56||Farmer's Wife||Roxburgh, Roxburghshire|
|Walter Shiell||Son||29||Shepherd||Weststruther, Berwickshire|
|Robert Shiell||Son||27||Farm Steward||Weststruther, Berwickshire|
|Margaret Shiell||Daughter||18||Housemaid||Weststruther, Berwickshire|
|Euphemia Shiell||Daughter||16||Kitchen maid||Weststruther, Berwickshire|
|James Mathewson||Servant (widow)||19||Agricultural Labourer||Dumfries, Dumfries-shire|
|George Robson||Servant||18||Agricultural Labourer||Jedburgh, Roxburghshire|
James Mathieson III remarried on 20th January 1865, whilst resident at Hermiston, in the parish of Lilliesleaf. His second wife was Elizabeth Cavers, the daughter of William Cavers, a shepherd, and Mary Hunter, and the marriage took place at Sinton Parkhead, in the parish of Ashkirk, where Elizabeth was living at the time. His son, James Mathieson IV, the next step in our family history, does not seem to have returned to live with his father after his re-marriage, but remained with his grand-parents, James Mathieson II and Agnes Scott, throughout his childhood.(For further details of James Mathieson III - click here)
For the census of 3rd April 1871 James Mathieson II, Agnes Scott, their two daughters, Catherine and Euphemia, along with their grand-son, James Mathieson IV, were living at Longtown Height, parish of Ashkirk
1871 Census (3rd April) Ashkirk (781) Book 3 Page 4.
Longtown Height, parish of Ashkirk
|James Mathieson||Head||55||Army Pensioner||Dalkeith, Edinburghshire|
|Agnes Mathieson||Wife||53||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Catherine Mathieson||Daughter||19||Agricultural Labourer||Ireland|
|Euphemia Mathieson||Daughter||15||Agricultural Labourer||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|James Mathieson||Grandson||10||Scholar||Melrose, Roxburghshire|
Eight years after this census Robina Mathieson died on 30th September 1879, aged 72. Her death of "senile debility" was recorded at Common Close in Dalkeith, the house of her son Robert. He was the informant, and although he could identify her late husband as "James Mathieson, journeyman mason", he could not supply his mothers maiden name or her parents names.
For the census of 4th April 1881, James Mathieson and Agnes Scott were living in Appletreehall, a small hamlet in Wilton parish, a couple of miles outside Hawick.
1881 Census (4th April) Wilton (810) Book 8. Page 5
Appletreehall, Wilton Parish.
|James Mathieson||Head||68||Chelsea Pensioner||Dalkeith, Edinburghshire|
|Agnes Mathieson||Wife||66||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|James Mathieson||Grandson||20||Railway Pointsman||Melrose, Roxburghshire|
|Agnes Mathieson||Granddaughter||7||Scholar||Wilton, Roxburghshire|
This census record shows James Mathieson IV, now a railway pointsman, (probably with the North British Railway Co.), still living with his grand-parents, plus a grand-daughter Agnes. Agnes was the "natural" daughter of Euphemia Mathieson, the youngest daughter of James Mathieson II and Agnes Scott. Agnes, the grand-daughter, was born at Parkhouses, Wilton, on 29th June 1873. No father's name is given on the birth certificate.
Just over a year and a half after this census, James Mathieson II died, on 17th December 1882, aged 70 and still resident in Appletreehall, Wilton. The Hawick Express of 23 December 1882 carried a brief obituary.
|James Mathieson Obituary
Hawick Express of 23 December 1882
His death certificate is inaccurate, stating that his parents were Alexander Mathieson, a journeyman mason, and Robina Ramsay. I suspect the reason for this was that the informant was HIS grandson James Mathieson IV. He would probably never have met his grandfathers father, James Mathieson I, and either didnt know or couldnt remember his christian name and wrongly guessed Alexander. (He did get the occupation, journeyman mason correct.) He definitely would not have met his grandfathers mother, Margaret Smith, but may well have met his grandfathers step-mother Robina, and seems to have believed that Robina was his grandfathers actual mother, although did not know her maiden name so guessed Ramsay, again wrongly, . This is a good example of how the parents names on a death certificate should not be relied on.
|James Mathieson||Rachel Grieve|
A year later, on 6th December 1883, James Mathieson IV, now a railway guard with the North British Railway Co., which he remained all his working life married Rachel Grieve, a woollen power loom weaver. (For further details of James Mathieson IVs' career on the railway - click here) James was living at the time at 8 Buccleuch Street, Hawick, and his bride, Rachel, at 2 Langlandsbank Place, Hawick, her family home. She lived there with her widowed mother, Elizabeth Young Rutherford, her father, Alexander Grieve, a woollen mill foreman, having died on 29th June 1868, when Rachel was only thirteen. Rachel Grieve was born on 11th September 1855 at Weensland, Hawick, and was the 2nd of 5 children, 2 boys and 3 girls. (SEE ONLINE GRIEVE FAMILY HISTORY).
After the marriage the couple seem to have moved to 5 Havelock Street, Wilton, Hawick, as it was there that their first child, a son James, was born on 8 May 1885. Sadly the baby James died only fifteen days later on 23 May 1885. Their next child, a daughter Elizabeth Young Rutherford, named after Rachel's mother, and the next step in our family tree, was born on 11 May 1886, at 8 Wilton Place, Hawick. Two years later the family had moved to Mansfield Crescent, Wilton, Hawick, as it is there, on 13 July 1888, a second daughter, Janet, was born.
The following year, on 1st April 1889, Agnes Scott, widow of James Mathieson II, and great-grandmother of Elizabeth and Janet Mathieson, died aged 73. The death is recorded as occurring at Spottsmain, Smailholm, and the informant on the death certificate is "Robert Oliver, son-in-law". Robert Oliver and Catherine Mathieson Agnes's daughter were married in 1880 in Wilton and it is possible that Spottsmain, Smailholm was their home at the time of Agness death and she had been living with them in her old age.
James Mathieson IV and Rachel Grieve's fourth child, a son Alexander, was born on 18th August 1890, at 1a Arthur Street, Hawick, and it is at this address that we find the family for the census of 1891.
1891 Census ( April) Hawick (789) Book 5. Page 21.
1a Arthur Street, Hawick.
|Rachel Grieve||Head||35||Head||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Lizzie Grieve||Daughter||4||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Janet Grieve||Daughter||2||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Alexander Grieve||Son||7 months||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
The father, James Mathieson IV is not recorded in this census, but at lodgings in Newbattle near Edinburgh presumably staying away as part of his job as a railway guard!?
1891 Census ( April) Newbattle (695) Book 6. Page 5.
119 Newton Grange, Newbattle.
|William M. Barclay||Head||44||Gardener (Dom. Serv.)||Cockpen, Edinburghshire|
|Annie B. Barclay||Wife||46||Cockpen, Edinburghshire|
|John Barclay||Son||12||Scholar||Cockpen, Edinburghshire|
|Thomas B. Barclay||Son||11||Scholar||Cockpen, Edinburghshire|
|Jessie H Barclay||Daughter||8||Scholar||Cockpen, Edinburghshire|
|Charles Murdoch||Lodger||27||Pit Engineman||Kirkpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|James Mathieson||Lodger||30||Guard (Railway)||Melrose, Roxburghshire|
Sometime between this 1891 census and early 1894 the family moved to Springburn, Glasgow, as it is at 12 Wellfield Street, Springburn, that James and Rachel's fifth and final child, a daughter Barbara was born on 28th March 1894. It is at 12 Wellfield Street that we find the family for the census of 1901. Elizabeth the eldest daughter, aged 13, is listed as a tailoress, presumably working locally. (For further details where known of the children of James Mathieson and Rachel Grieve - click here)
1901 Census (1st April) Glasgow (644/3) Book 107 Page 35
12 Wellfield St., Springburn, Glasgow.
|James Mathieson||Head||40||Railway Guard||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Rachel Grieve||Wife||43||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Lizzie Mathieson||Daughter||13||Tailoress||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Janet Mathieson||Daughter||12||Scholar||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Alexander Mathieson||Son||10||Scholar||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Barbara Mathieson||Daughter||7||Scholar||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
In 1903 the family moved from Wellfield Street, across the Springburn Road, to 158 Morrin Street, Springburn, and four or five years later they moved again, this time to 17 Endrick Street, Springburn.
For the census of 1911 the family was recorded at 15 Endrick Street, Springburn, with James is still recorded as a Railway Guard.
1911 Census (2 April) St Rollox - 644/07 Book 18 Page 6
15 Endrick Street, St. Rollox, Glasgow (2 Rooms with 1 or more windows)
No of Children
|James Mathieson||Head||50||Railway Guard - Railway Company - Worker||Melrose, Roxburghshire|
|Rachel Mathieson||Wife||55||28||5||4||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Janet Mathieson||Daughter||22||Knitting Machinist - Hosiery - Worker||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Alexander Mathieson||Son||20||Apprentice Engineer - Marine - Worker||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Barbara Mathieson||Daughter||17||Clerkess - Wholesale Merchant - Worker||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
Cerificate of Proficiency in
Mental Nursing 1909
awarded to Elizabeth Y R Mathieson
to the Proficiency Medal
from Cardiff Mental Hospital
(below) also awarded 1909
Elizabeth the eldest daughter, (and next generation in the family tree), is missing from the census. She had become a nurse working at the Argyll and Bute District Asylum between 29 January 1905 and 29 February 1908. However in 1908 she had taken up a post with the newly built Cardiff City Mental Hospital where she commenced work on 7 April 1908 as a Sister on £20 plus £33 board, lodging, washing and uniform. The Cardiff City Mental Hospital was formally opened on 15 April 1908 and was a purpose built unit. It was far in advance of most other facilities for those with mental problems and was intended to provide accommodation for 750 in-patients, 414 women and 336 men. It had been built on the assumption that the wards would be locked, as up until then the function of mental hospitals had been chiefly of a custodial nature. However due to the forward thinking that went with the new building inmates were allowed to go more or less where they wanted to and the hospital was one of the first to recognise that mental illness in a lot of cases was a curable disorder rather than a permanent one. The weekly cost for an in-patient at that time was 13s 5d (67p). The nursing staff in 1908 consisted of a head male attendant, matron, their two deputies, a night inspector (male) and a night sister. There were 48 male attendants and 38 nurses on the day shift and four male attendants and five nurses at night. It would seem that as part of this forward thinking regime the staff were given training and encouragement, as in my possession I have a "Cerificate of Proficiency in Mental Nursing" awarded to Elizabeth, dated 5 July 1909, and signed by the examining Superintendent Dr E Goodall who was the medical Superintendent from 1906 until the late 1920's. I also a have a rather splendid silver "Proficiency Medal" from Cardiff Mental Hospital presumably awarded to Elizabeth at the same time as the certificate.
It would also seem that sporting activities for the staff were also encouraged as the Cardiff Evening Express of 23 April carried a photograph of the "Cardiff City Mental Hospital Hockey Team". This includes my grandfather H. Dart as Captain standing at tn the back row and L. Mathieson (Lizzie) bottom row second from the end. It transpires they had "Played 7, Won 5 and Lost 2". Currently this is all the information I have found regards this team. I wonder who they played and as a hockey team is consists of 11 played and there are only 9 women one assumes they payed as mixed gender! This seems quite remarkable? Should anyone come accross any further information, please get in touch using the contact link at the top of the page. (I believe the hospital also fielded a cricket team, a footbal team, and of course a rugby team!)
|Cardiff City Mental Hospital Hockey Team
Cardiff Evening Express of 23 April 1910
Records show that Elizabeth was dismissed Cardiff City Mental Hospital on 14 April 1910. (This would suggest that the Hockey Team photo was taken at least a couple of weeks prior to its publication?) The reason for her dismissal is unknown but the next record we have of her is at the time of the 1911 census a year later working as a "Lunatic Attendant" at Stapleton Workhouse, Fishponds, Bristol. It is not impossible that the reason she was dismissed is included on the same census page, the young man from the Hockey team photograph the previous year - Herbert Dart. He had started work at the Cardiff City Mental Hospital on 8 April 1908 almost the same day as herself, as a "Night attendant" and had resigned from Cardiff six months after Elizabeth's dismissal. It is possible that her dismissal was due to a relationship having formed between her and Herbert. As relationships and even marriage between staff was not permitted this would have lead to her dismissal.
1911 Census (1st April) Fishponds, Bristol RG14 Book 20 Page 1
Stapleton Workhouse, Fishponds, Bristol
|Wilfred Daking||Head||33||Master Of Workhouse||Boxford, Suffolk|
|Ethel Daking||Wife||38||Matron Of Workhouse||Stainford, Lincolnshire|
|Cecil Daking||Son||6||Shifnal, Salop|
|Emmeline Daking||Daughter||5||Litchfield, Staffordshire|
|Edgar Davies||Servant||34||Assistant Master Of Workhouse||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Maria Hodgkins||Servant||36||Assistant Matron Of Workhouse||Brown Hills, Staffordshire|
|James Nettle||Servant||50||Sick Ward Attendant||Lulworth, Dorset|
|Herbert Dart||Servant||32||Head Lunatic Attendant||Weston Super Mare, Somerset|
|Alfred Shattock||Servant||47||Lunatic Attendant||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Ernest Richards||Servant||35||Lunatic Attendant||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|William Shiner||Servant||32||Lunatic Attendant||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Margaret Nixson||Servant||48||Workhouse Cook||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Rosa Williams||Servant||39||Labour Mistress||Llandavenny, Monmouthshire|
|Elizabeth Leahy||Servant||35||Sick Ward Attendant||Abergavenny, Monmouthshire|
|Annie Coleridge||Servant||45||Sick Ward Attendant||Teignmouth, Devon|
|Florence Flook||Servant||31||Head Lunatic Attendant||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Ellen James||Servant||38||Lunatic Attendant||Washford, Somerset|
|Alice Griffin||Servant||29||Lunatic Attendant||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Elizabeth Mathieson||Servant||25||Lunatic Attendant||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Ethel Hippisley||Servant||23||Lunatic Attendant||Cleveden, Somerset|
Herbert Dart with his wife Elizabeth Young Rutherford
Mathieson and their daughter Phyllis c 1918
Herbert Dart - probably
Whatever the circumstance that had re-united Herbert and Elizabeth at the Stapleton Workhouse, Fishponds, Bristol and six months after this census on 11th August 1911, Elizabeth Young Rutherford Mathieson, married Herbert Dart, the son of Daniel Madge Dart, a tailor by trade, and Maria Dyer, who was born at 32 Palmer Street, Weston-super-Mare on 27th July 1877. After a brief apprenticeship as a butcher, he had joined the Coldstream Guards in 1896, and had seen active service in the Boer War. (SEE ONLINE DART / MADGE & DYER FAMILY HISTORY). I was told by Elizabeth's sister Barbara many years later that she understood that Herbert Dart first met Elizabeth on a railway platform and it was "love at first sight", although she also believed that the size of Elizabeth Young Rutherford Mathiesons chest formed a large part of that initial attraction!! (I suspect this may have been Cardiff railway station back in April 1908)
The following year back in Springburn, Glasgow, James Mathieson IV and Rachel Grieve seem to have moved again, this time next door to 15 Endrick Street, although this apparent move may have only been a re-numbering of the houses in the street (matches the census address of April 1911). In 1914 they definitely did move, this time round the corner to 152 Gourlay Street, Springburn. Sadly it was at this address the following year that Rachel Grieve died, on 1st December 1915, aged 60.
Two years later, Herbert Dart and Elizabeth Young Rutherford Mathieson, having moved from Bristol to the West Midlands, had their one and only child, a daughter, my mother, Dorothy Phyllis, born on 2nd May 1917, at 88 Hallam Street, West Bromich. Herbert Dart had rejoined the Coldstreams at the outbreak of the First World War, but had been invalided out a year later with a gunshot wound to the head. At the time of his daughter's birth he was working as a male nurse, presumably at Hallam Hospital, just down the road from their home address.
James Mathieson IV seems to have continued living at 152 Gourlay Street, Springburn, until 1929, after which time he is no longer recorded at this address on the electoral role. It was probably at this time that he went to live, along with his daughter Janet and her husband Jack Robertson, in a house provided for him in his old age by his son Alexander, at 33 Crosshill Road, Bishopbriggs. The house was called "Cotgreen", after James Mathieson III's birth place in Melrose.
James Mathieson and his two daughters Janet and Elizabeth,outside what is assumed to be Cotgreen.
It was at "Cotgreen", in Bishopbriggs, that James Mathieson died on 21st August 1940, aged 80. He was commemorated on the headstone in Wilton Cemetery Hawick, alongside his wife, Rachel, and his son, James, who had died in infancy.
Inscription on Mathieson headstone in Wilton cemetry, Hawick