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The furthest back we can trace our Marshall family history with any certainty is to William Marshall, a quarryman. According to the further details contained in his death certificate, this William Marshall was born circa 1796/98 to James Marshall, a farmer, and Margaret Bole. According to the 1851 census he was born in Baldernock Parish but the 1841 census disagrees with this recording him as born "not in Dumbartonshire" and with a capital "I" appended to indicate born in Ireland. This indication as to born in Ireland may well be erroneous as both his wife and son James are also tagged as born in Ireland and I am certain his wife was not and almost certain neither was his son. However this may give a pointer to his roots as quite a few Marshall families were from Ireland and his mother's surname Boyle has Irish connections. As no actual record of either his birth, or his parents' marriage has been found, this must remain conjectural. (For further possible details of William Marshall's parentage - See Appendix A)
William Marshall was first married to a Mary Brown on 29 July 1825 in Baldernock parish, Stirlingshire The birth and baptism of their first child, a son, James was recorded in the Campsie (Stirlingshire) parish register - "June 18, 1826. Marshall, James, Lawful son of William Marshall, labourer, Balgrochan, and Mary Brown his spouse, born May 7, 1826. Witnesses foresaid" (Geo Mathieson and David Fleming). Just over a year later their is a record in the parish records of East Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, of the birth and baptism of their second child, a daughter, Mary, born on 4 October and baptised on 11 November 1827.
There is a death recorded in the Campsie parish records- "November 14 1827 - Marshall, James, Balgrochan, died Married and aged 66 years." This would seem almost certainly to be James Marshall, the father of William as the age is appropriate and this is the same location as the birth of William's son James in June of 1826. The fact that he was recorded as married suggests that his wife Margaret Bole (Boil\Boyle) was still alive but no record of her death has been discovered so far. James' age and date of death would make him born circa 1761.
A further four children children were recorded in the New Kilpatrick parish register to William Marshall and Mary Brown, Margaret born on 4 May and baptised on 31 May 1827, Robert born on 4 November 1830 and baptised on 11 October 1831, Elizabeth born on 2 August and baptised on 15 September 1833, and William born on 12 February and baptised on 23 April 1837. Robert and Elizabeth were identified as born in Burnhouse, East Kilpatrick. (For further details of the known children of William Marshall and Mary Brown - see Appendix F.) What happened to Mary Brown is not known, but it would seem likely that she died shortly after the birth of her sixth child, William, for on 5 January 1840, William Marshall married Annie Henderson. Annie was born circa 1816/21 in Baldernock Parish, to James Henderson, a coachman, and Elizabeth Haldane. (For further details of Annie Henderson parentage and further siblings - see Appendix B.) On 7 February 1840, at Burnhouse, William Marshall and Annie Henderson's first child, a daughter Ann, was born.
For the census of 7 June 1841 we find William and Anne and their new daughter, Ann, plus the six of William's children by his previous marriage. The ages of Mary, Margaret, Robert and Elizabeth are inaccurate for some reason. (For further details of the known children of William Marshall and Ann Henderson - see AppendixC.)
1841 Census (7th. June) New Kilpatrick (500) Book 6. Page 3.
Redrow, New Kilpatrick.
|Name||Age||Occupation||Born in County|
William and Anne's next four children, John, Janet, David, and Jane were born at Langfaulds Colliery, New Kilpatrick, on 20 April 1842, 10 April 1844, 7 September 1845, and 1 October 1847, respectively, and it is there that we find the family for the census of 31 March 1851.
1851 Census (31st March) New Kilpatrick (395) Book 6. Page 2.
Langfaulds Colliery, New Kilpatrick.
|William Marshall||Head||54||Lime burner||Baldernock, Stirlingshire|
|James||Son||24||Assistant to Father||Campsie, Stirlingshire|
|Robert||Son||19||Assistant to Father||East Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|Elizabeth||Daughter||17||Indoor servant||East Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|William||Son||13||Lime burner's son||East Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|Ann||Daughter||11||Scholar||East Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|John||Son||8||Scholar||East Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|Janet||Daughter||6||Scholar||East Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|David||Son||5||Scholar||East Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|Jane||Daughter||3||Scholar||East Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|James Brown||Servant||14||Ginn boy||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
Two more children were born at Langfaulds Colliery, Thomas born in 1851/52, and Alexander born on 4 April 1854. In the Parish register entries for the births of Jane (1847) and Alexander (1854), their father is identified as a "carter". A further two children were born to William and Annie, Mary, the next generation in our Marshall family history, on 21 February 1857 at Scott's Land, Milngavie, and Isabella born on 11 May 1860 at Barraston, Baldernock Parish. Their birth certificates identify their father respectively, as a "free-stone quarryman", and as a "lime burner".
Sadly, on 18 July 1860, two months after the birth of his daughter, Isabella, William Marshall, Mary Marshall's father, died at Drumlockhart Farm, Baldernock. Cause of death on the death certificate is given as "infection in a damaged hip". The informant on the certificate was Robert, William's son.
After the death of her husband, Annie Marshall, nee Henderson, moved back to Milngavie where we find her, along with her children, John, David, Thomas, Alexander, Jean, and Mary, for the census of 8 April 1861. Isabella, born on 11 May 1860 is not listed, as she had died of measles only a few weeks before this census on 15 March 1861 at Newtown, Milngavie.
1861 Census (8th April) New Kilpatrick (500) Book 13 Page 6.
Milngavie, New Kilpatrick.
|Widow Marshall||Head||42||Baldernock, Stirlingshire|
|John||Son||18||Miner||New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|David||Son||15||Miner||New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|Jean||Daughter||13||Printfield worker||New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|Thomas**||Son||9||Printfield worker||New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|Alexander||Son||7||New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|Mary||Daughter||4||New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire,|
Note Thomas, a printfield worker at only 9 years old. Sadly David recorded in this census aged fifteen died four months after this census on 21 August 1861 at Gordon's land, Mingavie.
By the census of 3 April 1871 Annie Marshall, nee Henderson, was still resident in Milngavie, but now with only three of her children still living with her.
1871 Census (3rd April) New Kilpatrick (500) Book 13 Page 23.
Milngavie, New Kilpatrick.
|Widow Marshall||Head||52||Out-door worker||Baldernock, Stirlingshire|
|Thomas||Son||19||Carter||New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|Alexander||Son||17||Labourer||New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|Mary||Daughter||14||Labourer in dye-fields||New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
Seven and a half years after this census, on 29 November 1878, Mary Marshall, , the next generation in our Marshall family historymarried Andrew Todd Allison, a farm labourer at Malletsheugh Farm, Mearns. (SEE ONLINE ALLISON FAMILY HISTORY). She seems to have moved across the Clyde to Mearns by this date as she is recorded as a female servant at Townhead Farm, Mearns, on her marriage certificate.
By the census of 4 April 1881 Annie Marshall was keeping house for her second youngest son Thomas in Strathblane, Stirlingshire, where he was working in the printfields. Thomas had married a Janet McArthur in 1877. Sadly Janet died in 1878 in Strathblane.
1881 Census (4th April) Strathblane (491) Book 15 Page 11
Wood Place, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
|Thomas Marshall||Head||28||Printfield Labourer||New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire|
|Ann Marshall||Mother||63||House Keeper||Baldernock, Stirlingshire|
By 1891 census Annie Marshall had moved to Garscadden, where she was living on her own at 2 First Row, but supported by her family.
1891 Census ( April) New Kilpatrick (500) Book 5 Page 1
2 First Row, Garscadden, New Kilpatrick.
|Ann Marshall||Head||70||Supported by family||Baldernock, Stirlingshire|
A couple of weeks after this census, on 19 April 1891, whilst resident in Garscadden, presumably at 2 First Row Annie Marshall, nee Henderson died. According to her death certificate she was aged 74, but previous census records would make her 70 to 72.