The diary of Roderick MacDonald commenced in March,1860 and covering the period from 1851 to Dec. 1881.

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The diary of Roderick MacDonald commenced in March,1860 and covering the period from 1851 to Dec. 1881.

DIARY OF RODERICK MACDONALD

This diary was commenced in March,1860 and covers the period from 1851 to Dec. 1881. It was transcribed from a brown covered diary 115 x 180 x 15 by John Alexander Macdonald, of New South Wales, grandson of Roderick Macdonald, in January 1998

Memoradum of events before commencing my regular diary.

1851 to 54

Departed from Inverness with my parents to the Island of Islay in the year 1851 and continued there for three years, when I left for Glasgow on the 5th of April 1854.

1854 to 55

Arrived in Glasgow on the 7th April 1854. My first Situation was in Duncan Turner Esqr. Writers Office, where I entered on the 10th of April & continued there untill March 31st 1855.

1855 to 59

Left Glasgow for Islay 3rd April arrived on the 4th Continued there until August following, when I returned again to Glasgow, and obtained a Situation in the Office of John Aitkin, Coal Merchant & House Factor, 26 Glassford St. as Collector where I continued there for a short time when my duties ceased on the 21st of October following. Entered the warehouse of Guthrie Mitchell & Co. Calico Printer 91 Mitchell St. Glasgow and whose works are at Ferryfield Alexandria Dunbartonshire, on the 22nd the day following, this firm had just come into formation and with whom I continued until the 19th April 1859.

1859 to 60

Left Glasgow for London on Wednesday the 20th April 1859 -and had a beautiful passage all the way, two days sail in the steamer "Trident"

Arrived in London on Good Friday the 22nd April, where I remained for four weeks, before succeeding in obtaining a situation, but which were at that season so scarce. My first situation in London (which was temporary) was in the shop of W.B.Hills. Gt Northern Tea & Grocery Establishment "Kings Cross" where I commenced on Thursday the 19th of May and ceased on Saturday the 25th of June. at this time the Italian war was raging, between France & Sardinia on one side & Austria on the other. My second situation was in the shop of Laurence Hyam, Tailors & Manufacturing Clothiers, 189/90 Tottenham Court Road where I entered as Cashier on the 27th of June and ceased on the 20th August following. Now commence the perfecting of my desires when I obtained a situation in the warehouse of Morrison Dillon & Co, 104 Fare St. G.C. where I commenced on the 22nd of the same month as Junior in the Entering department where I continued the same until the 4th of January 1860, when I was promoted to the situation of orderman which I now hold.

Diary

1860

Tuesday 6th March

Rose this morning at 10 minutes before seven. Very busy in the French Silk Department last night, they have been working all night in preparing for their show tomorrow which was enforced principally by the effects of the Treaty of Commerce with France which treaty they are now discussing in parliament, and whose silks have their duties entirely abolished. Working tonight until 8 o'clock, raining very much tonight & a sharp wind from the north, screws out today once since two months. Much discussion in parliament as to the Claims of France to the cessian of Savoy to that country..

7th March

Extinction of the tariff on silks. Rose this morning at ten minutes past seven later than usual. Tremendous rush today to the French Silk Department. The packers are employed running with goods as fast as they can to the entering counters, as well as many of those belonging to the other departments employed to sell - cards are hung with such words as these printed on them "All on the counter 74/6", "Two Flounced Brocke Robes @ 2/6", as well as "Please Leave Your Name with Your Goods". There is also a show in the French Ribbons but not quite so brisk. Left off work tonight at nine o'clock done raining tonight.

8th March

Today is fine but cold. Wind from N.E.. Rose this morning at 7 O'c. Richard has done a wicked trick this morning, he came in half over heels at about 1/4 past 7 and pulled half a dozen out of their beds & threw them and the bed clothes on the floor, as you may well imagine all were taken by surprise. Yesterday was the grand Leve day of the first presentation of the Volunteer Rifle Officers since their formation when about 1000 officers attended and who were presented to the Queen in the afternoon. We had a shower of hail and snow. Left off business at 8 o'clock.

9th March

Rose this morning at seven. Weather fine but cold wind from the north, commenced snowing this evening, took a walk this afternoon as far as Clapham Rise on the southside of the Thames & the north the length of Islington.

Sabbath 11th March

Rose this morning at eight, weather bright, but cold & snow lying on the ground, very tired & blistered feet caused by the long walk I had yesterday. Went to Albion Chapel this morning and heard a very firm & impressive sermon from the 8th Chapter of Romans first verse first clause, and again in the evening the text was from the 12th Chapter of Genesis 1st 3 verses. Commenced raining tonight.

12th March

Rose today at seven, no water in the washing rooms which put all of us to procure it from below, today is cold, weather raining & still continuous. Left off work tonight at seven. The monthly meeting of the Library Committee is in the Library tonight at ten o'clock when all were obliged to leave them to their own private consultation, & which forced us into our beds a little earlier.

13th March

Rose this morning at seven. Weather varied. Wind from the N.W.. Left work at eight o'clock.

14th March

Rose this morning at 5 minutes past seven. Motion brought forward in Parliament on the subject of Sabbath Trading. which was agreed to.

15th March

Rose this morning at 1/4 to seven and went out for a walk around Finsbury Circus. Morning cold but clear & altogether beautiful. Much discussion yesterday on the affairs of Italy in Parliament, great excitement at present in Italy on the subject of annexation of the Provinces to Sardinia.

16th March

Rose this morning at 20 minutes before 7. Went out for a walk the length of Finsbury Square.. Beautiful day today, went tonight to hear a concert given by the Warehousemen's Local Union in the Lecture Room of the Y.M.C.A, Aldergate St. which came off very creditable. Stopped work tonight at 7 o'clock. Commenced to rain tonight.

17th. March

Rose this morning at 5 minutes to seven. too late for a walk, today mild and warm. The first telegraphic news received today from India which took 6 days to come, expect soon to have news in 2 days, when it will be then finished.

Sabbath, 18th March

Rose today at 7, went this morning to Presbyterian church, River Terrace. Sermon delivered by Mr. Weir in a very earnest and forcible manner. The text was from the 4th Chapter of the Gospel of John 27th verse. In the evening I went to the Free Church, Caledonian Rd. opposite the Caledonian asylum. The text was from the 4th Chapter of Luke and 27th verse.

19th March

Rose this morning at 1/2 past six, went out for a walk, morning beautiful & cool. Working for a part of today at the copying of duplicate invoices. Left off work tonight at 7 o'clock.

20th March

Rose again this morning at 1/2 past six. Went out for a walk, morning windy but warm. Busy today writing circulars for the Coventry Ribbon Show on Thursday. Left off work at 8 o'clock.

21st March

Rose this morning at 20 minutes past six. Went out for a walk. Morning fresh. A good many orders today. Left off work at work at 8 o'clock.

22nd March

Rose this morning at 5 minutes past six. Increasing improvement to my early rising habit. Show today in the Coventry Ribbon Department, not such a great day as expected, owing to the lateness of the month. Left off work tonight at 8 o'clock. Wrote today to Mr. Slater for an advance to my salary.

23rd March

Rose this morning at 1/2 past six. Went out for my usual walk.. Raining slightly all day. Employed today in giving down at the Order Desk in place of the placed giver down who was absent. Left off work at 7 o'clock.

24th March

Rose this morning at 6 o'clock, rather earlier than before, which committed me to take a walk as far as Islington. Morning windy and cold - giving down again. Today at the Order Counter. Left off work at 2 o'clock.

Sabbath, 25th March

Rose this morning at 1/4 to seven, went out for a short walk before breakfast, morning cold & windy. Went this forenoon to Albion Chapel & heard a very impressive sermon. Text from the 43rd Chapter of Isaiah and the first clause of the 10th verse. Went in the afternoon to the Caledonian Road Free Church and which sermon was given from the 1st Chapter of 1st Corinthians, the 18th verse.

26th March

Rose this morning at 1/2 past six. Took my usual walk. Morning cold. Left off work today at 1/2 past seven o'clock.

27th March

Rose this morning at 1/2 past six. Took my usual walk. Morning dull & cold. Left off business at 1/2 past seven.

28th March

Rose this morning at 1/2 past six. Took my usual walk, morning mild with a slight shower of rain. Left off business tonight at 8 o'clock. Ill feeling in Parliament to the French Emperor for his stealthy manner in taking possession of Savoy against the will of the powers of Europe. Lord John Russell now Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs remarks in his speech of Monday that in consequence of the repeated assurances of the Emperor of the French that it was not intended to annex Savoy to France, made this remark. " My opinion as I declared it in January and afterwards and which I have no objection to repeat now is that such an act as the annexation of Savoy is one that will lead a nation so war-like as the French call on its government from time to time for other acts of a similar nature, and therefore I do feel that, however we may wish to live on the most friendly terms with the French Government, we aught not to keep ourselves apart from other nations of Europe." (loud and long continued cheers.) Such is the feeling of the Parliament and of the nation at large, on this most wicked and foolish act of Napoleon the 3rd which may one day bring him back to his senses, as to respect the powers of Europe or else he one day be turned off his throne as his uncle was in days gone by.

29th March

Rose this morning at 10 minutes to seven. Morning very mild with a continuing shower of slight rain, or to call it otherwise as Scotch mist. Took a short walk this morning around the Circus. Left off business at 7 o'clock.

30th March

Rose this morning the earliest yet at 10 minutes before six. Took my usual walk. Morning mild & fresh. Few orders today. Knocked off business at 1/2 past 7 o'clock.

31st March

Rose this morning at 1/4past six. Morning mild & warm.

Sabbath, 1st April

Rose this morning at 7. Day changeable with rain at intervals. Went this forenoon to Albion United Presbyterian Church of Scotland and heard a very forceable sermon preached from the 2nd Chapter of Titus and the 14th verse, the latter clause, a peculiar people zealous of good works, went in the evening to my Brothers.

2nd April

Rose this morning at 1/4 past six. Morning cool & bright, took my usual morning walk. Very busy today in all the departments of the warehouse, working until 10 o'clock tonight. A great many goods are lying to be entered.

3rd April

Rose this morning at 1/4 past six, morning cold but fresh & bright. Took my usual walk around the square & Circus, very busy today. Had 25 orders to get up and those belonging to the Haberdashery Department we had to find out ourselves, instead of the regular way, as the man who attends the orders there was brought to the middle desk to keep it agoing. Dropped off work at 10 o'clock.

4th April

Rose rather late this morning at 7 o'clock, and in consequence I had not my usual morning walk. Had plenty of exercise today, my feet almost skinned, which made me somewhat crippled, had as many orders today as yesterday. After they were done, went to take down & help at our branch desk in the Cloth Department. Left off work tonight at 10 o'clock.

5th April

Rose this morning at 1/2 past six o'clock. Morning mild. Took my usual walk. Very busy working as before until 10 o'clock, and another desk set agoing with assistants from the warehouse. Had 34 orders to get up today.

6th April

Good Friday. Rose today at 20 minutes to seven. Took my usual walk in the morning, went down to the warehouse to assist in the entering the remaining part of the sales. Yesterday had nine desks agoing, four more than usual. Finished entering at 10 o'clock. In the forenoon went in the after part of the day to my brothers and in the evening took a walk out to Mile End.. Day beautiful, had fish for dinner today, one of the customs of the English since the days of the Romanists which to me was indeed a treat, not because of the keeping of the day in such a superstitious manner but because of the great rarity of the firm tribes of our meals, which is always composed of meat. The Pope Pius the 1X has just published his excommunication on all who had taken part in the annexation of part of his provinces to Sardinia, but has manifested little or no concern in many minds at the terror of days gone by and now quite forgotten, and little cared for.

7th April

Rose this morning at 10 minutes to seven, rather late. Took a short walk, day beautiful and taken advantage of by many of the people for outdoor exercise. Great excitement caused today by one of our men put on one of the other Riflemens Uniform, and who was not himself a Rifleman, and who were so outraged that they proposed to tear it off his back. When he came down to tea was hissed and looked upon as an imposter.

Sabbath, 8th April

Got up today at 7 o'clock, took my usual walk, went this forenoon to Albion U.P. Church. Heard a very clear sermon from the 6th Chapter of the Gospel of John & 29th verse & which was delivered by Mr.Duff from Helensburgh. Today looks rather dull but warm. Went out this evening to the Free Church, Caledonian Road.. The sermon was delivered from the 1st Chap. of Timothy & 15th verse.

9th April

Rose this morning at 20 minutes past six. We were disturbed last night by a mouse which awoke some who said it was a ferret, others a rat, another a cat, and which set up so much laughter that I was glad to find myself asleep and which kept us in continuous sport for 3/4 of an hour. Took a short walk this morning, not able to take my usual walk because of the blistered state of my feet caused by so much walking. Morning fresh and springlike.

10th April

Rose today at 1/2 past six. Took my usual walk. Morning cold. News has arrived of an insurrection in Spain and also in Naples and Sicily which commenced simultaneously and caused great suspicions in the French papers of the hand of England being employed in the movement - which is entirely false.

11th April

Rose today at 20 minutes past six. Took my usual walk. Morning much colder today than yesterday and snow was coming down slightly ,- taking down in the middle desk yesterday afternoon and today as well. Working to 9 o'clock.

12th April

Rose today at 10 minutes to seven which was too late for a walk, but which was made up by my walk to Islington last night - which was the effect of blistering my feet. Today is cold and damp. Working until 1/2 past nine. This day is my birthday.

13th April

Because of the fatiguing work we had yesterday I slept until 7 o'clock which was too late for a walk. We are again very busy today. Frank Bourne has left today on his way to Australia. Very cold weather with the wind from the east.

14th April

Today I rose somewhat sooner at 20 minutes past six which was the favourable & acceptable hour of going out for a walk. Continuing cold. Further news received of the insurrection in Sicily & Naples which commenced in the capital city of Palermo caused by the wicked acts of their rulers for their own gratification and extended to Messina and other towns.

Sabbath, 15th April

Today is the Christian Sabbath. Would that it were kept by one in a more sanctified way and which I regret to remember my indifferent disposition, for the keeping of it holy and unspotted from the habits of this city and country where so many make it a day of pleasure and recreation. I went this morning to River Terrace Free Church with the object of having the pleasure of hearing Mr. Brownlow North preach, but was disappointed owing to his confinement by illness which I hope by God's blessing he may be enabled to praise his maker in his illness and trust he may be enabled to preach still more earnestly to many sinners in this large city which I trust has been much blessed already. His place was filled by another lay preacher of the name of McLean who preached a very earnest sermon. Commenced to rain this evening..

16th April

I have had the pleasure this morning of enjoying my usual walk. Morning cold & bright. Not quite so busy today, we left work today at 7 o'clock which was quite daylight and the fact of it being so gratified all of us very much, as compared to long and dark winter hours.

17th April

Today I have made an important change in the time of my rising which was at 20 minutes to six. Morning exquisitely beautiful and bright without a cloud to mar the splendid morning sky or smoke to mar its purity, which helped to increase my pleasure when taking my walk around the never ending Circus where I met another of my companions and with whom I enjoyed my walk with the greatest pleasure. Working later tonight, the weather still continuing fine.

18th April

Because of the very fatiguing nature of my work yesterday, I slept unusually long this morning, the consequence of which I did not get my usual morning walk. Very tired today, my feet very painful with walking about.

19th April

This morning is very cold as bad as ever it has been any day in winter with snow & hail, so I kept indoors although in time for my walk.

20th April

This morning I rose at six o'clock and had my usual walk but down to London bridge. Today is cold as those gone before with rain.

21st April

This morning rose at the usual time. Took a walk the length of Islington. Today wet with a shower or two of snow.

Sabbath, 22nd April

Rose morning rather late at eight o'clock. Today still cold with a little rain. Went this morning to Albion U.P. Church Morgate & heard a very earnest sermon preached. In the church I was invited by one of the Sabbath School teachers to assist them in their labours in Albion Hall, which I consented to, but not without thinking of the great and important task I was undertaking, and which I am hardly worthy to undertake, but hope nevertheless that by God's assistance I may not be a cumberer of the ground.

23rd April

Rose this morning at 1/2 past six o'clock. Had my usual walk. Morning extremely cold which continued all day.

24th April

This morning I was very late in my early rising practice in consequence of which I did not get my usual walk. The morning cold & sultry with rain. This forenoon it rained very much and also snowed heavily.

25th April

Today was to me as the day before, late in rising, weather still continuing very cold & wet.

26th April

Again I have been very late in rising which I am confident was caused by the dullness of the weather which approached in coldness the extremes of winter.

27th April

Today same as the one gone before. Weather severely cold.

28th April

This day was the first marching day of the Scottish Rifles in London to the Crystal Palace which they did most beautifully and who were admired by all whom they came across on their way especially the Highland Companies which numbered about sixty. The weather was beautiful and very warm.

Sabbath, 29th April

This morning I went to Albion Chapel and heard a very good sermon from a minister who came this sabbath to officiate from Aberdeen. The text was delivered from the 13th Chap. of Zachariah first verse. In the evening I went to by my brothers. Afternoon I attended my Sabbath school class, also at10 o'clock in the morning.

30th April to 5th May

In this space I was unable to keep an account of these few days owing to the very busy season we had which compelled me to give way, as I had hardly been three times in the library in all that time, for we were working from 8 in the morning until 10 at night which was rather fatiguing work for me and I was very glad to jump into my bed the sooner so as to be up in time for a short walk before breakfast. This week I was employed in giving down at the Order Counter, which was a very difficult place for me especially in this very hurried season where I had parcels to watch as well as give down.

Sabbath, 6th May

Rose this morning somewhat late at 1/2 to eight. Went to Albion Chapel which service was performed by our respected Rev. Aberdeen Friend. This afternoon I attended my class in the Sabbath school which attendance was somewhat fewer than before, 2 being absent from my class of eight. The sermon this morning was delivered from the 2nd Chapter of the Song of Solomon and 16th verse. I feel today very much relieved from the stir of business on the week gone by.

7th May

Rose this morning at 1/2 past 6. Dressed and took my usual short walk. Today I was unable to give down perfectly at the Order Counter owing to the very rough state of my throat which was caused by being just begun and my voice not yet broke as they call it here and all new comers get the same visit more or less, as sure as I say yes today. We were glad to get out at 8 o'clock for the continued labourious work of the week.

8th May

Today I tried to give down at the order counter and succeeded so far but with much pain and trouble.

9th May

Today I continued to give down but was compelled to stop at about 12 forenoon when I was completely choked up until those in the desk were unable to hear my voice which was but as a whisper (news just arrived from Italy of the embarcation of Garibaldi to Sicily).

10th May

This morning I did not attempt my usual duties of giving down and feel myself much more received in consequence. Further news received of Garibaldi's bold attempt to free the people of Sicily from their cruel and ambitious king, the ruler of Naples.

11th May

This morning rose at 1/4 to seven. Had my usual short walk, still keeping busy and working to 7 o'clock. screws ? out today.

12th May

Today we have been very busy working to 4 O'c at orders. Weather very rainy which was much against our riflemen. Did not get out all this day.

Sabbath, 13th May

Rose this morning at 1/2 past seven. Weather still the same which keeps dripping continually without intermission. In the afternoon it turned fair & beautiful. The country looks very grand. Attended Albion Chapel & heard a very earnest sermon which was given from the 7th Chap. of Romans, the 4th verse. I attended this afternoon on my Sabbath School Class, and was put into a rather awkward position by the most wicked trick I have seen which was done by one of the scholars in stealing my cap, and in consequence I had got from the school an old straw hat which looked rather odd to go home with and which gave me the appearance of a sailor.

14th May

Rose this morning at 5 o'clock. Morning very wild but afterwards turned fair when I was permitted to enjoy my walk.

15th May

Rose this morning at 20 minutes past 5 o'clock. Morning mild and warm, and which has kept up until this evening when it rained very hard. We this evening got out at 6 o'clock, the first time since two months.

16th May

Rose today at 1/2 past 6. Morning wet, nothing particular to note, working until 7 o'clock.

17th May

Up today at 1/2 past 6 O'c Morning wet which has continued the same all day. Closed tonight at 6 O'c.

18th May to 31st May

In this space there has been nothing very particular to note each day, only the same conflict is carried on between the Neopolitans and the Insurgents headed by the brave Garibaldi who is still moving on successfully in this great object of his the "Liberation of Italy" and particularly this part of it that is held by the " Cruel King of Naples". There is very conflicting and lying news received from the "seat of war" in Sicily by the agents of the King of Naples. Subscriptions are being raised for Garibaldi's assistance and in Ireland there is recruits being raised for the service of the Pope - and also a great exodus has commenced in the emigration of many on their way to America.

Friday, June 1st

Up this morning and had a beautiful walk, mild & warm.

1st June to 10th June

This interval in the month was noted for the many shipwrecks that have been caused by the furious storm which commenced on the 2nd and again on the 6th.

23rd June

Great volunteer review by the Queen in Hyde Park of the volunteers in the city and vicinity of London, when about 20,000 men turned out. The day was beautiful and cool which gave to the park a more animated scene and drew hundreds of thousands of spectators to the park where so many patriots were gathered before our beloved Queen Victoria. The multitude of people gathered there were kept at bay by the Dragoons & Foot guards. There was on the field the representatives of the three countries, England, Ireland & Scotland as each had their number in the London Scottish Rifles, 450 strong and the London Irish 400 which sent a splendid body of men to the scene, the Scottish were specially marked by their national uniform & kilt.. The day past away to all satisfactorily business in some places closed on this eventful day, others at 12 noon and others early hours. The continued stream of volunteers was indeed overwhelming. There has also been a great interview between 9 sovereigns including Napoleon the 111 at Baden with the Prince of Prussia and other German Kings on some subject unknown to us at present as he has so often kept the world in the dark in regard to all his pursuits. On the 16th of the present month, the "Great Eastern" sailed on her first foreign voyage to New York where she arrived safe after 11 days sail on the 28th inst. She was specially admired by our friends across the Atlantic on account of her great size and accomplishments which never had its equal since the days of Noah, its tonnage being 22 thousand.

23rd June

This day has been a great day to the citizens of London on viewing the volunteers on Hyde Park and who have been now reviewed by her gracious Majesty Queen Victoria for the first time since this grand movement has begun among the patriots of the land. The day was all that could be desired and passed I am sure to the satisfaction of all this day. I had a holyday which I spent in Hyde Park admiring this animating scene where over twenty thousand volunteers were gathered which in marching made it appear to me as if no end was coming to this grand army of the most spirited of Britain's sons. There was represented among them the Mounted Rifles, Foot Rifles and Artillery, as also a Brigade of Guards whose height were each man not less than 6 feet and who were generally known by the name of the 6 Foot Guards. They were commanded by Captain Bruce, brother of Lord Elgin. There was also represented on that field of review, the London Scottish Battalion of Rifles, as fine a body of men as ever trod England's soil, one company of whom are Highland, the others belonging to the Lowlands, the Highlanders wearing their ancient uniform the kilt. This body numbered about five hundred men. There was also the London Irish Rifles representing the Emerald Isle. They are also a fine body of men and a credit to their country. This body numbered about four hundred. In passing the Queen, the London Scottish seemed to obtain great interest headed by their chief Lord Cleho, the principal leader of this grand movement headed by his Highlanders, in grey kilts came up to the tune of "Bonnie Laddie" and with volleys of cheers and applause, testifying the strong prevalence of a regard for the Scottish Regiments that prevails in English society of every grade. The light grey dress, the blue bonnets and grey plaided bonnets with the cocks feather and the general spirited dashing look of the London Scottish Regiment (15rh Middlesex) won general approbation. The Duke of Cambridge has issued a general order expressing her Majesty's great satisfaction with the manner in which the volunteers aquitted themselves at the Review on the Saturday. The order also descants on the loyalty & patriotism which the volunteers have manifested.

10th July

The Prince of Wales has this day started from Plymouth on his first visit to Canada & the United States of America accompanied by a good body of Men of War. His departure was of the quietest description and void of all state whatsoever as will also be his entry into Canada as he goes by the name of "Baron Renfrew". I trust he will have a safe arrival among his future Colonial subjects. The name of the vessel which is commissioned to carry the Prince is the "Hero".

Saturday, 14th July

This has been an important day to the London Rifle Volunteers in having their first sham battle at "Chiselhurst Common" in the County of Kent. Many of our volunteers went down and were in consequence locked out as they did not arrive in London before two o'clock on Sabbath morning. Somewhat black with the firing, about twenty of our Riflemen were locked out without signing the book.

2nd July

There was a grand competition with the Riflemen both foreign & British at Wimbledon Common. Many were the shots fired from trusty and timorous volunteers. This grand match was opened by "Her Majesty the Queen" who fired the first shot. The Swiss Riflemen were excellent shots, but some of our Riflemen excelled them. The Queen's Prize of 250 pounds and the Gold Medal was won by Mr. Ross, a thorough bred Scotchman of 19 years of age, he having made 24 points out of 30 during the whole time of firing. The prizes were distributed to the Riflemen at the Crystal Palace. In giving the prize to young "Ross", the band struck up "See the Conquering Hero Comes" which was followed by applause on his advancing to accept his well won prize. Many of the Pope's Irish volunteers are now returning from Rome perfectly downcast at their foolishness in going to Rome to assist their spiritual deceiver the Pope. Many were the days they went without little or no food, and on their return published a letter to The Times giving a heart rendering account of their arrival and life in Rome and states of the church. Many are now wishing to return but not being able for want of money. The accounts from Syria and other parts of Turkey in Asia about the massacre of the Christians are of the most heart rendering description. France & Britain, Russia and other powers have sent assistance to their Christian brethren in opposing their fanatical enemies, the Mohommedans of Druses.

August

The success of Garabaldi's movements in Naples is all that could be expected. He has this month landed on the mainland near Reggio with eight thousand men, brave fellows who are expecting to meet very soon five times the number of their little army. Many of the Neopolitan troops have already joined Garibaldi. Naples is already in a state of siege, and I am proud to note that Garibaldi has not met with a defeat since he commenced his bold enterprise of liberating Italy from the tyrant Bomba. Garibaldi is now marching on to Naples with his ? army. How I wish that Garibaldi would succeed in this enterprise and have the consent of his countrymen in freeing them from their priestly tyrants. It would be well if all were now enlightened on the glorious prospects which follow their freedom. It is my prayer that the reign of the Popes should come speedily to an end. Garibaldi has now among his brave band of volunteers many adventurers from different countries among whom are regiments of British volunteers. Garibaldi's Aidecamp is now in London enlisting volunteers and has already succeeded in getting the names of five to six hundred and expects to reach 800 men. Such is the spirit of our volunteers. Louis Napoleon of France has this month addressed a letter to the British Government and people in order to quell the distrust manifested to the French by the people of this country. It is couched in friendly terms, but we have got to put full confidence in his promises or words which he has so often broken in treating with this country. The affair of Savoy and its annexation is a sample of his good faith. On the 7th inst, the Queen reviewed the volunteers of Scotland in Edinburgh and passed of with the greatest success and had as brilliant volunteer spectacle as that held in Hyde Park and the scene was from the character of the place of "Mine own romantic town" more effective than the metropolis. The Queen inspected in Edinburgh a somewhat larger number of volunteers than were gathered in Hyde Park. The martial ardour of Scotland has been ever proverbial, there was a great number of our London Scottish brigade along with them although not reviewed along with them was their respected Chief Lord Cleho. About the end of last month Lord Clyde arrived from India and received a hearty welcome from all, especially from the Queen who commanded him to come at once to Osborne to stay there a few days with her. Thus was our Scottish hero and bravest general honoured by both Queen and people in both hall and palace with the greatest respect and with their best gifts. The London Scottish have secured him as their honourary Colonel, an honour of which they should be very proud. The Prince of Wales has arrived in Newfoundland after 12 days sail safe. The population honour him like a king which it is expected he shall one day become. The ladies are like to die for him in love at balls and parties, which he is very often at, and extremely fond of dancing and jolly with everyone and very attentive to the ladies.

September

Since writing last month's memorandum there have been many changes and events in the world's history. I mentioned before that Garibaldi has never had a defeat in his glorious work of liberty but then he did not encounter all his enemies. He has since been twice defeated but caused solely in one case of being short of numbers in comparison to those opposed to him. The other was made in the general's absence but beyond these he has had wonderful successes. At the beginning of this month he took possession of Naples without any shedding of blood, the king having evacuated his palace in Naples to become much stronger at Gaeta where he has made a stand there to meet Garibaldi with 50,000 men. Garibaldi is now on his march to try their metal. Sardinia has taken the field as well. She has captured Perugia, that city known for the cruelties perpetuated by the papal troops against innocent citizens, unarmed women & children and also Ancona another stronghold occupied by the papal troops under Lamorecere, he and all the army were taken prisoners. The Pope's Irish Brigade were all take prisoners at Spoleto. On the third day of the present month I was changed to the Scotch & Irish Entering Department after being 5 months in the Ordering Department as Giver Down.

October

Very busy at the beginning of this week, working until 10 o'clock for a week, Saturday until 1/4 to seven, Monday till nine and still keeping busy. The early closing movement in the retail drapery trade lately began is now succeeding wonderfully. Many shops now close at 4 o'clock on Saturdays. First frost seen this winter in London was on the 12th inst. Fires first lighted in the Library and dining rooms on the 12th inst. Commenced my duties for the first time in Golden Lane Ragged school as Librarian to the free library in connection therewith on Friday night the 12th of the present month. I have joined the library of the Sunday School Union in Old Bailey on the 30th of this month, it is a splendid library where I can go any evening with exception of sabbath until 10 o'clock. Subscription only one shilling per annum.

November

Success over success have attended Garibaldi since his last two defeats. He has now entered the city of Naples amid the joy of the populace who were strewing flowers before them. The British Brigade followed and were affectionately welcomed. A battle or siege has taken place at Capua where 11,000 Neopolitans were taken prisoner. Shortly after 15,000 tried to reach the Papal States but when at the borders the French and Papal troops ordered and disarmed them and cast them away from their territory. The king of Naples has taken refuge in the strong fortress of Gaeta but he is expected soon to decamp, the force is too pressing against him. The King of Sardinia has now taken the command of his troops and leads them forth to new victories. He has now been proclaimed King of Italy. When Garibaldi met the king, how affectionate was their meeting, his first words were "King of Italy". Then followed affectionate caressing to each other, thus Garibaldi has done his work of redemption which I thank God for. Garibaldi has now gone to retire for a season from the bustle of military life to the quiet and consoling county home at the island of Caprera. The Pope's Irish Brigade has returned already having been sent home by the authorities of England and Sardinia, the Papists of Ireland have made a grand show in their little earned favour - by a mandit from Cardinal Antonelli peters pence is to be gathered this month to support the tottering frame of the Pope and papacy at Rome now falling to the ground. The collection is to be throughout Great Britain. News received from the seat of war in China, six Englishmen taken prisoner by the Chinese while under a flag of truce. Engagements have taken place with 30,000 Tartar troops and were completely routed by the English & French on two separate occasions. 2000 Tartars killed & fifty guns taken. The allies had only 18 wounded. The Chinese seek for peace but before negotiating for this, Lord Elgin demands the release of the English prisoners, but sorry to relate only three were returned, the others were barbarously murdered, and their bodies sent in to the English headquarters. The summer palace of the Emperor has been sacked and a great deal of silks, gold, and other precious articles after removing all these they set fire to the Palace and entered Pekin, captured it and forced the king to make peace and to pay an endemnity to the allies. Trust this peace will continue long and be kept faithfully.

December

The Emperor of the French has decided that the subjects of the Queen of Great Britain & Ireland shall from the first of January next be admitted into France and allowed to travel there without passports. This abolition of passports is a move in the right direction and other nations are following the example. The Empress of the French paid a visit to England & Scotland this month. She came in a private manner so as not to be known, but she was soon recognised and received everywhere a hearty welcome. The Empress speaks in raptures of the cordial way in which she was greeted by the people, from her Majesty down to the most humble of her subjects.. This month Lord Clyde and Sir John Otram were presented with a sword each, the freedom of the City of London. Christmas day passed off this year in good glee. The weather is all that could be desired, snow on the ground and bitter frost on Christmas which was about the coldest day we had. The temperature stood at 13.8 degrees below zero. This cold weather has been fatal to many people. On Monday before Christmas one of our warehousemen by the name of "Smith" was drowned while on the Serpentine skating. He was well respected by all the young men of the house and the melancholy news cast a gloom on all our enjoyments on Christmas day. Otherwise the day would have been more jolly. Our holydays extended from Saturday afternoon the previous week until Wednesday morning on the following week on the last day of this month. Consequently the last of the year I went to hear Dr. Cumming of the National Scotch Church preach a sermon which is his annual one to young men. His text was in these words - "Thou God Seeist Me". His address was forcibly illustrated. The night was very wet. The King of Naples is still blocked up in the fortress of Gaeta. On the 20th of this month, the commemoration of the tercentenary of the Scottish Reformation was held throughout the country.

1861

January

The weather still continues extremely cold. The upper part of the Thames is frozen over and all communication is stopped with blocks of ice coming down. The lakes in the public parks are quite bearable and thousands of people are skating and sliding on the Serpentine. It is said as many as 200,000 people were on the ice there at one time. Grand amusement is now found there. Tents are struck with all conveniences. ? shops, cookshops, greengrocers etc are scattered about in profusion, while fireworks are ascending & descending in all forms & shapes about your feet, ears and eyes, sometimes resulting in very serious injuries. One foggy night I paid a visit to it. The night was blind dark and extremely cold. On the street people had torches in their hands. From the Marble Arch down to the Serpentine it was pitch dark. Now and then the dark gloom of the night would be cheered by the light of a torch, again we are passed into darkness on that lonely pathway. It was so dark that we could not see our fingers placed before our eyes, much less those you met, for I have seen us come into collision with each other before we knew where we were placed so we were obliged to "Hello" to give warning, and much more amusing was the fact that after walking down this walk for about a mile I was thunderstruck to find myself walking in the centre of the Serpentine before I knew that I reached the ice at all. On I walked and came to the amusement fireworks which were represented in Roman Candles, blue lights, squibs, crackers etc,etc. Away to one side were two men playing the Pibroch in great style, while the people were dancing with great glee so hard indeed that I began to fear for their safety on the ice. Now you might see one woman slipping and down would fall then men with their two legs slipping from their joints, and to continue this spree, some mischievous urchins would throw squibs and crackers in the midst of the dancers throwing confusion among them to the pleasure of the onlookers. We were soon surrounded with torchlights when the bagpipes sounded our highland strain. Away again on another part, brass bands were practising. But amidst all this amusement there were thousands of people starving for want of food and work as well as the cold. Thousands of poor labouring people were thus forced to get relief from the police stations especially excessive at the east end of the city where so many poor people reside. The streets were thronged with these creatures seeking alms of the passers by. Working men walking about the street singing while some commenced rioting in one or two bakers shops, but this was not general. At the Thames Police Staion one thousand letters were received by Mr. Selfe by the half famished creatures. About four thousand people were gathered there at one time, but happy to relate, the benevolence of the public was here bountiful, so much that Mr. Selfe refused to receive any more money, he having so much gathered that he did not know how to dispose of it . All the poor were relieved. The ice in the Serpentine was thirteen inches thick. The frost which has now lasted a month is now fast disappearing. We have now fine weather and many people have been able to find employment again. During the frosty season, many people died through congestion o the lungs caused by the severe cold. On the 16th of this month I joined the Choral Society in connection with Trinity Presbyterian Church. On the 23rd I went to the Congregational soiree in connection with the P.C. held in Rosemary Hall. On the 24th I went to another in connection with our Ragged Schools in Golden Lane where we spent a happy evening.

February

King Bomba is now besieged in Gaeta . The king protests but in vain. A great conspiracy has just been discovered in Naples, among them were 37 bishops and an immense number of the ex kings soldiers were arrested. The Pope is on his long decaying position, he is unable to support an army and he complains that the English catholics do not send over cash and show reluctance to do so. Reaction has begun in some of the states and have no doubt but will spread much further. Austria is increasing her means of defence and building iron plated frigates. Hungary is forming a very cold attitude and demands their independence and their own laws. Russia is also arming and putting herself in a formidable position on the Pruth. The great secession movement has begun in the United States of America. South Carolina has seceeded and most of the other states are on the brink of following her. The Cardross Case is undergoing much attention. Meetings for the discussion of this subject and to condemn the interference of the civil authorities over the Ecclesiastical. Many of the British Garibaldians have returned but some have remained until the spring campaign. Gaeta has at last surrendered and the king has decamped to Rome. The news of a frightful massacre of about 7000 persons in honour of Dahomey an African chief, the blood flowed into a large reservoir. Means are taken to stop those barbarous customs amongst those ignorant people. A large meeting has just taken place in the Freemasons Hall for the abolition of church rates, this subject excites much attention now and it is to be hoped it will soon come to a favourable termination. Arrangements have begun for the formation of a great exhibition in 1862.

1st March

The Pope is still determined to hold by Rome, even should the French leave, and he may be kingless. The Black Prince, another of our iron clad frigates has been launched safely in Glasgow. She is a sister to the Warrior built on the Thames. Anderson the slave has been set at liberty in Canada. The bill for the abolition of church rates has just been passed in the House of Commons, but not yet by the Lords. The extraordinary Gelverton case has occupied much attention lately and a book has been published of the court reports. We have just had a very severe storm which has just done great damage to property and life. The subject of the essays and reviews have been much discussed lately and although condemned by the Church of England, some of whose members carry on this magazine. The speech of Prince Napoleon in the French Senate has created quite a sensation in France and in Rome. He is for liberty condemning the imperial power of the Pope. The Emperor has complimented the Prince on his speech which has been very successful. Fatal demonstrations have begun in Warsaw. 30,000 people collected on a battle field to pray for those who fell in the fight, but the Russian soldiers interfered and a great number have been killed & wounded. The excitement is on the increase. Massina has surrendered to the Sardinians. On the 16th of the present month, the Duchess of Kent died. All the papers containing the news were in mourning, the columns edged in black and St. Paul's great bell tolled which it never does but on those occassions. Orders are given for the country to go into mourning. The volunary riflemen have already done so. Managers of every theatre in London were ordered to close their houses on that night and many did so on the following Monday. The internment will be on Monday next in the Chapel, Royal Windsor. In consequence of this event, the Queen retires from her usual grandeur and from all laws. A great number of petitions of condolence to Her Majesty have been sent from all parts of the country. The Pope has sent forth another allocution and in the French Sardinian and English parliaments and others they are considering the best cure for the dying man, but I am afraid their efforts as to his restoration and independence will fail. A Manifesto for the abolition of serfdom in Russia has been issued. This event has caused great festivities to take place amongst these poor slaves. The first street railway has been opened on the 21st of this month. Another strike among the Masons for the nine hours has commenced, but it has come to a satisfactory conclusion by the Masons resolving instead to pay them by the hour, and in consequence many of them have returned to their employment. Rossuth has got into trouble in consequence of his ordering notes to be published by Day & Son. In consequence he has written an affidavit in the court of Chancery and protests against any interference not even by the Emperor of Austria. On the 29th being Good Friday I had an excursion to Hastings. I visited the Caves of St. Clements, the cliffs, had a swim and sail. Fare there and back to London 3/6.

1863

22nd January

Promoted from the Scotch & Irish Center Department to the Mercary & French Silk Department. Resigned in July 1865.

1865

4th August

Left Southampton for Calcutta, arrived 9th September. On the 11th, joined my new situation @ Messrs Baker & Cutliff, 9 Old Court House Street.

1867

1st January

On return from the Botanical Gardens in the steam vessel Calcutta, was on board when she struck on a buoy and went down, was saved by a dinghy and put on an old hulk anchored in the river and afterwards transferred to the shore at the foot of Mecre street.

1868

27th August

Arranged with Mr.Cutcliff for an open engagement. @ 250/-. Left Baker & Cutliff on 3rd April, 1869.

23rd November to 11th December

To the jury, High Court. 24th November

Commenced going to the Bazaar from 6a.m. to 7.40. Had my Chota Hazira & Cefair ? before leaving.

12th December

J.H. left for Harraingunge

1869

1st March

Joined L.W. Trueman.

14th March

Joined ?

23rd July

Resigned.

29th July

Left Sangor Roads ? for Melbourne per ship "Abouther" 11.30 p.m. - arrived Melbourne 21st Sept. 1869 at 1 p.m.

4th October

Joined Robertson & Moffats. Salary 2 pounds.

1870

17th July

Joined St. Andrews Society. Order for highland dress sent off 23rd April,'70

8th August

Joined Carpet Department, R & Ms, Received an advance of 10/- on the 24th July 1871 " " 10/- 10th Nov. 1873

1873

13th February

Married Joanna Urquhart - daughter of John Urquhart, Ballintore, Rosshire, Scotland

1874

Saturday 17th January

Issue - Anna Munro, born at 6.45 a.m. Sat. 17th Jan. 1874 (Dr.Wigg) at Nep Bank Cottage, Rathdown St., North Carlton. Baptised in St.Andrews Presbyterian Church, Carlton, Melbourne, Victoria by Rev. Damien S. McEachran on Sabbath 8th Feb. 1874. Text 15 Romans, 2nd verse. Psalm 69 (Sung Psalm 69, 9-13, Tune, York) ( " " 40, 1-9 " Dunformline) ( " Hymn 76, 1-4 " Newington & Warwick) Died at Nep Bank Cottage Rathdown St., North Carlton at 3.30 p.m. on Tuesday 22nd March, 1874. Interred in Melbourne General Cemetery, Presbyterian Section No.197, Compartment I on Monday 23rd March inst. - aged 9 weeks. Ceremony performed by Rev. D.S. McEachran. - Present at funeral, Messrs Sheddon, James Grant and Charles McKenzie. 1875

Sunday, 7th March

Robert Henry born at Nep Bank Cottage, Rathdown St. at 1.30 p.m. Baptised on Sabbath 11th April, by Rev. D.S. McEachran at St. Andrews Presbyterian Church Carlton. Text: 2nd Corinthians, Chap.11 & 3rd verse. Read 3rd Chap. of Genesis. Sung Hymn 145, Psalm 124, 1-8 Went to school 15th April, 1880.

26th May

Joined Merchant Dept. R&Ms, Received an advance of 5/- 9th Oct. 1877 " " 5/- 22nd Mar. 1881 19th September

Joanna and I joined communion for the first time in St.Andrews Church, Carlton on 19th Sept. 1875.Rev. D.S. McEachran, minister. Text: Rev. 5 verse 12. Read 1st Corinthians 12, 23-34. Sung Psalms 95, 1-6 Tune - Irish, " " 96, 1-5 " Scarborough New Lyden, " Hymn 178, Communion. Preparatory service by C.Strong, Thursday Sept. 16th 1875. Text:"Bear Ye one another's burdens"

1877

3rd January

Mary Ann born. Christened by Rev.J.Lyle at N. Carlton Presbyterian church.

1879

29th August

John Urquhart born. Christened by Dr.Cairns in Erskine Church Carlton 10th November, 1878. Communion same day. Text Jude verse 24. - Read Matthew 27, 27 - 56. Hymn 10, Psalm 68, 17-20 (Sheffield), Hymn 178, 3 - 6 Communion, Hymn 80 (Winchester)

1880

26th May

Margaret Elizabeth born at 5.30 a.m.. Christened at Erskine Church, Carlton by Rev. A. Yule ? M.A. 4th July, 1880. (Raikes Centenary) Sabbath 4th July/80, Text Ephesians 6th Chap. 4th verse last clause.

1881

11th May

Joined Carpet Dept. (2nd time), Received an advance of 5/- 5th Oct. 1881

24th December

Left Moffats

28th December

Joined Warne & Reids Merchant Dept. (2nd)