This page is an attempt to outline what I know about my Hendry ancestry in as "readable" format as possible. Please note whereas I try to ensure that what I publish is correct, and to differentiate between what is supported by documentation etc, and what is, in my opinion, a reasonable assumption, everything should be treated with caution. IF you have come across information that you believe is relevant to your own research please either verify it independently or drop me a line to confirm its validity. Equally if believe something is incorrect, or if you wish to add any details or discuss please get in touch using the Contact Form.
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HENDRY - THE NAME
Taken from the Christian name "Henry", and is most common in Ayrshire and the North-East.
Supposedly a "sept" of the clans MacNaughton or Henderson.
The christian name "Ebenezer" was favoured by followers of the secessionist minister Ebenezer Erskine 1680-1754, specially in the Stirling and Fife regions
The furthest back we can trace our Hendry family tree with absolute certainty is to my great great great grandparents, Ebenezer Hendry and Margaret Donaldson, who whose marriage was recorded on 20 May 1804 in the parish register of Alloa, Clackmannanshire. They are recorded as parents on the subsequent death certificates of three of their children - Ebenezer (my great great grandfather), Margaret and Mary, and this is confirmed by the records of the births \ baptisms of these self same children to the couple in the Alloa Old Parish Registers. i.e. Ebenezer, born on 3rd March 1811, Margaret born on 23rd August 1812, and Mary born on 1st January 1815.
There is a headstone in Sighthill cemetry commemorating the husband of the aforementioned daughter Mary Hendry, Thomas Kirk, which also commemorates the death of Mary's father and Thomas's father in law i.e. Ebenezer Hendry, - viz. "EBENEZER HENDRY his father in law Died 13th January 1849 Aged 66". This makes this Ebenezer's date of birth 1782 which fits with him being the Ebenezer Hendry recorded as born on 25 September 1782 in Alloa to John Henry, and Margaret Neil. When one adds to this the fact that Ebenezer and Margaret named their first born son, who was traditionally called after the paternal grandfather, John, it would seem reasonable to accept that Ebenezer was indeed the son of John Hendry, and Margaret Neil. HOWEVER one has to bear in mind that the age of the gravestone may not be entirely accurate. There was an Ebenezer Hen(d)ry whose birth\batism was recorded in the parish register of Clackmannan on 11 August 1776 the son of Ebenezer Hen(d)ry, a weaver, and Janet Blackwood who were married on 10th May 1771 in Tillicoultry. Obviously this Ebenezer would have been 72 in 1849, and also the names of the children of Ebenezer Hen(d)ry, and Margaret Donaldson do not fit the common naming pattern - first son would have been Ebenezer after the paternal grandfather, not John, and the second daughter would have been Janet after the paternal grandmother. This makes me inclined to discount this as a possibility but...... (Notes on Ebenezer Hendry who married Janet Blackwood and an Ebenezer Hendry who married a Margaret Fulton in and about Alloa - click here) HOWEVER there is one other alternative which is that the age is more or less accurate and Ebenezer 1 was born circa 1782 but his birth\baptism was never recorded or the record no longer exists. Obviously in this case we would be unlikely to be able to ascertain his parentage. All in all I am inclined to go with his parents being John Henry and Margaret Niel!
Nothing is currently known of John Henry and Margaret Niel other than the record of their marriage on 16 August 1769 in Alloa, and the subsequent records of the birth \ baptism in the Alloa Parish Register of the following children as born to the couple : -
HOWEVER taking the above in to account there are two children that potentially could be children of John Hendry and Margaret Neil born in this seven year gap. This is VERY speculative and I would be pleased to hear from anyone who has proof one way or the other, or simply wishes to voice an opinion! For details of these two children, please click here.
As to the birth and parents of this John Henry who married Margaret Neil, no death\burial has been found which might supply an age at death and therefore an approximate date of birth. It would seem likely that he was born circa 1739-1751 going by the date of his wedding, but I have not uncovered any John Hen(d)ry's recorded as born between 1717 and 1751 as born in Clackmannanshire! So, he was either born elsewhere, his birth was not recorded or any record lost.
However returning to the Ebenezer Hendry and Margaret Donaldson, their marriage was recorded on the 20th May 1804 in the parish register for Alloa where they were identified as "Ebenezer Henry of Alloa parish" and "Margaret Donaldson of St. Ninians parish", and the following year the birth of their first son John on 3rd March 1805 was also recorded in the Alloa parish register with his father Ebenezer identified as a "merchant".
Over the next ten years a further four children were recorded in the Alloa parish register as born to Ebenezer Hendry 1 and Margaret Donaldson, Peter born on 18th August 1806, Ebenezer 11, the next generation in our family history, born on 3rd March 1811, Margaret born on 23rd August 1812, and Mary born on 1st January 1815. It is possible that the couple had other children who either died in infancy or their births were not recorded or if they were those records were lost.
A correspondent to the Alloa Advertiser wrote a series of articles entitled Folk in Alloa whom I have known in 1867-1868 under the pseudonym Cobblecrook, which referred back to the Alloa of his childhood 50 years previous (circa 1818). In one of his "letters" written 23rd April 1867 and publised in the Alloa Advertiser of Saturday 27th April 1867, he makes mention of Ebenezer 1, in the section covering Mill Street to Candle Street. He identified him as a carter by trade, living in Mill Street, Alloa, between Mr. Forbes, a saddler, and John MacLean, also a carter.
The Extract from "Cobblecrooks" article
The Alloa Advertiser. Saturday 27th April 1867
We have quite a bit of information on the early years of Ebenezer 11 from his later obituary. It would seem at the time of his birth his parents were resident in Broad Street, Alloa, as opposed to the later address assigned to them by Cobblecrocks article on Mill Street. Acording to the obituary Ebenezer 11 started out as an employee of Robert Hutton of the Mar Inn, and in that capacity he also became connected with, and in the employ of, the Stirling, Alloa and Kincardine Steam-boat Company, where one of his duties was the blowing of the "steam boat horn" on sighting the steamer. No doubt this was a vital task to ensure that the inhabitants of the town and any potential travellers were aware of it's immiment arrival. It goes on to state that "Some time afterwards on the retirement of the celebrated John Ewart, Young Hendry became driver of the "Earl of Mar Coach". I also have a page from an unidentified book (page 109 headed "Folk in Alloa"), which states "The Earl of Mar Coach, in 1824, first started with passengers for Glasgow, running every morning from the Tontine Hotel, (John Ewart, coachman, who was succeeded by Eben. Hendry), crossing at the ferry and returning to Alloa in the evening." It would appear that the use of the word retirement may be slightly misleading as there a notice in the Perthshire Advertiser of Thursday 15 August 1833 of the death on the 4th of August of - "John Ewart, who was driver the Earl of Mar coach for nine years". If, as stated, the coach started in 1824 and John Ewart was the driver for 9 years, this would suggest it was not his retiremnt but his death in 1833, that gave "Young Hendry", who would have been aged only 22, the oportunity to take over as coach driver. This was listed in Pigots and Co's National Commercial Directory of 1837 in the Alloa section as "To Glasgow, the Earl of Mar, from the Tontine Inn every morning, (Sunday's excepted), at six for Glasgow, across the ferry and goes by via Dunmore, and thro' Falkirk and Dennyloanhead." and in the Glasgow section as "To ALLOA, the Earl of Mar, from the Eagle Inn, Maxwell Street, at a quarter-past four, ....." - For a brief History of the Earl of Mar stagecoach with some genealogical notes on its drivers - click here
Pigots and Co's National Commercial of Directory of 1837
Alloa Section (left) and Glasgow Section (right)
According to a table published in 1831 entitled "Enumeration of the inhabitants of the City of Glasgow and county of Lanark" it lists the Earl of Mar as being pulled by two horses, and carrying a total of 11 passengers, 4 inside and 7 outside, plus, of course the driver. It states that 6 horses in total were used for the journey, so presumably there were two stops en route to change them. Although this is dated 1831 and would fall within the period when John Ewart was the coachman, it would seem likely this would be the same coach and set up as driven by Ebenezer, but it is possible that despite the name it was a different\new coach. Certainly going by the detail in this table tI would assume that the "Earl of Mar" of 1831 would have looked not disimilar to Croall's "Red Rover" depicted on the Dumfries Road by an unknown artist.
Croall's pair-horse "Red Rover" on the Dumfries Road - artist unknown
from "Stagecoach to John O'Groats" by Leslie Gardiner.
The quoted obituary states the coach left Glasgow at 4 and arrived back in Alloa about nine in the evening which matches more or less with the Glasgow Directory departure time of 4:15. This would mean that the stage covered the 36 or so miles in approximately 5 hours suggest an average speed of 7 or 8 miles an hour. It would appear that there were various stops on the way e.g. Dunmore, Dennyloanhead and Falkirk, 2 stops where the horses were changed for a fresh pair, plus a the ferry crossing at Alloa. Taking this all into account the AVERAGE speed might well have nudged 8 or 9 miles an hour. (I believe 10 miles and hours was supposed to be the statutory limit for coaches.) One can only imagine the level of skill that would be required to handle a laden stagecoach up and down hills, on roads which, although much improved since the turn of the century, would still have been pretty rough in places, and still to have maintained this timing.
As to the statement in the obituary "It was while acting in this capacity and being a general favourite with the passengers that Mr. Hendry made the neucleus of the wealth that he subsequently acquired.", it would appear the profession presented opportunities to supplement ones income in a number of different ways, the most obvious being in tips and gratuities, but also possible "private" commissions in the way of deliveries etc, along with free hospitality at any of the inns or hotels where the coach stopped. Equally if not more important than the immediate financial rewards were the opportunities to develop what are now called "inter personal skills", and to make contacts and form connections that would have potentially of great value in his future career as a Hotelier and Coach and Horse hirer.
It would appear that in about 1836 in Alloa Ebenezer fathered a baby girl by a Catherine Eadie. This is based on the later marriage certificate of a Catherine Hendrie who married a James Boyle on 7 March 1859 at Regent Terrace, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, and who was identified as aged 23, a spinster, the daughter of Ebenezer Hendrie, an Inn Keeper, and Catherine Hendrie, maiden surname Eadie, deceased. In adition in the census 1861 2 years later Catherine was recorded aged 24, born in Alloa, Cllackmannanshire. (James was identified on the marriage certificate as aged 23, a Waggon Driver, the son of Alexander Boyle, a Plate layer, and Janet Boyle, maiden surname Cowan, both listed as deceased. Both parties gave their addresses as 6 Drygate, Glasgow, and the witnesses were James Shirley and Margaret Stuart.)
As far as can be established there was only one Ebenezer "Hendrie", an Inn Keeper, "our" Ebenezer, and as he was unmarried and living in Alloa at the time this Catherine appears to have been born, I think it is reasonable to assume he was the father. especially as this discovery was the result of a DNA match to an Australian descendant of James Boyle and a Catherine Hendrie. No record of the birth of a Catherine Henry\Hendry\Hendrie has been found in the OPR for Alloa, not any marriage of an Ebenezer Henry\Hendry\Hendrie and a Catherine Eadie and no other records have been found associating Catherine with Ebenezer. (For further details of this Catherine Hendrie - click here.)
Despite this potential previous liason on 22nd January 1838, shortly after the succession of the young Queen Victoria, Ebenezer 11 married Isabella Thomson, the daughter of Robert Thomson, a shoemaker, and Elizabeth Smart. An announcement of the happy occasion was carried in the Stirling Observer on 1st February 1838. Six months later the Stirling Observer was carrying further news of Ebenezer 11, this time announcing that he had given up his job of driving the "Earl of Mar" stagecoach, and had taken over the running of the Star Inn. To quote once more from his later obituary "Mr Hendry brought industry, steadiness and sagacity to bear on all hs movements, and to those who knew him best it was no surprise that he gave up the coaching business and became proprietor of the Star hotel at the foot of Baker Street, Stirling."
Announcement of Ebenezer11's accession to the Star Inn - from the Stirling Observer of 9th August 1838
Mr. E. Hendry (late driver of the Earl of Mar
Commercial Gentlemen may rely on being accommo-
Saddled Horses, Gigs, Droskies, and Chaises, on the
The Star Inn was situated on the corner of Bakers Street and Friars Wynd in Stirling, and had been previously run by a Mr. William Wilson. It would appear that the hostelry was originally built and owned by a Mr Thomas Dawson, as in his will of 14 August 1839, whilst resident at Thimblehall, near Dollar, Thomas included the following reference to the Star - "I sometime ago built the Star Inn of Stirling, and the whole of which premises are presently occupied by Ebenezer Henry Innkeeper Thomas Anderson Flesher and others as my tenants. This would suggest that the Star was built sometime in the first quarter of the 19th century possibly circa 1810\20. Not only was Ebenezer named as a tenant in Thomas's will, but he is also named as an executor in Thomas's wife's later will. When this is combined with the fact that in the census return of 1851 for the Star Inn, Ebenezer's household also includes an Agnes Dawson and a William Dawson identified as "relations", it would seem likely that either Ebenezer Hendry or his wife Isabella Thomson were related in someway to Thomas Dawson. NOTE: Thomas Dawson died 5 December 1844 in Muthill, the parish of Fossaway, Perthshire and his wife Margaret died 28 November 1857 in Stirling. Thomas named six children in his will Margaret (B. 4 February 1815, Stirling), Elizabeth (B. 28 February 1818, Stirling), Robert (B. 9 July 1819, Stirling), Helen (B. 3 April 1821, Stirling), Thomas (B. 15 January 1823, Stirling), and Mary (B. 17 August 1824, Stirling). One of his executors was a William Dawson, manufacturer in Abbey. (Was he related to the William Dawson in the 1851 census? Should you be able to shed some light on this Dawson connection please get in touch!) - For a brief history of Star Inn\Hotel, Stirling 1820s to the 1930s - click here
THE STAR HOTEL
The Star Hotel with what looks like there is a parade
The Site of the Star as it was in 2011.
The career move away from stage coach driving into the hostelry and carriage hire proved a sensible one, for, with the increase in the canal network, and the advent of the railway, the writing was on the wall for the long distance stagecoach in Central Scotland. The book "Stagecoach to John O' Groats" refers to the Earl of Mar coach itself describing it on page 175 as "the "Earl of Mar" to Alloa and Tillicoultry - a coach noted for its redoutable driver, Lowrie McLaren, and for its hospitable Clackmannanshire inn at the other end, the "Pay the Day and Trust the Morn". This refers to the coach as owned by Mein's of 100 Trongate, Glasgow, and as the driver is identified as Lowrie McLaren and the final destination Tillicoultry and the "Pay the Day and Trust the Morn" inn, I believe this refers to a period after 1837. Whether this is the same actual coach or a new\different ome crrying the same name is unknown, but the next mention of this coach, on page 188 of "Stagecoach to John O' Groats", is of its demise: The Stirling coaches departed next, Lowrie McLaren's "Earl of Mar" braving it out a year longer than the rest on a shortened run fron Stirling to the railhead at Castlecary". Ironically I suspect that this final route from Stirling to Castlecary may well have run from Ebenezer's Star, and if it had not ceased before, this route would most certainly have been killed off by the arrival of the railway in Stirling in 1848. This change in travel was described by William Gibson in his book "Reminiscences of Dollar, Tillicoultry and other Districts adjoining the Ochils" starting on page 143 of chapter VII - Begin Business in Dollar.
Reminiscences of Dollar, Tillicoultry and other Districts adjoining the Ochils (1883) by William Gibson
The first time I went to London by land (about 1841), there was no railway beyond Lancaster, and I had to coach it ' from Edinburgh (by Hawick, Langholm, Carlisle, and Kendal) to Lancaster ; and from thence to London by rail, taking part of two days and two nights for the journey, and costing between £5 and £6. Now the journey can be accomplished in ten hours, and a return ticket from Edinburgh got for about £2, 10s.
Before the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway was made, we had to walk to Alloa, and get the 'Earl of Mar' coach from there to Glasgow, taking five hours on the road. The coaches entered the city by Duke Street, High Street, and drew up at Mein's Hotel in the Trongate, a little to the west of the Tron Church, and on the opposite side of the street. After the Edinburgh and Glasgow line was opened (in 1842), an omnibus was started from Tillicoultry to Stirling (with Hugh Black for driver), and we got the coach (driven by Lowrie M'Laren) from there to Castlecary Station; and from Alloa the coach ran, by way of Dunmore, Airth, and Carron, to Falkirk Station. Thus gradually the benefits of railway travelling were approaching nearer us. When the Scottish Central line from Greenhill to Perth was opened (in 1848), the journey from Stirling to Edinburgh or Glasgow could be accomplished all the way by rail. Afterwards the Stirling and Dunfermline line was made, and then the Devon Valley; and thus the great iron roads which we now possess were gradually introduced into Scotland, and the old mode of travelling by the stage-coach done away with.
The very expansion of the canal and railway network which was to result in the demise of the stage coach was also to herald a huge increase in tourism in Scotland and with Ebenezer's seeming "people skills" it is unsurprising that again to quote from the aforementioned obituary "In the Star, Mr Hendry, guided by a watchful wife, prospered exceedingly." It s interesting that the author to mention "guided by a watchful wife", which might suggest that Isabella was the busines woman whilst Ebenezer made an excellent host!?!
Ebenezer 11 and Isabella had their first child, Elizabeth, on 22nd November 1838, and their second, a son, Ebenezer, followed almost two years later on 17th September 1840. The family still have a note of these and subsequent children along with their parents marriage. Who wrote the record is unknown but I suspect it was Isabella, their mother.
The Note of Ebeneezer and Isabella's marriage plus their subsequent children
Ebenezer Hendry & Isabella Thomson
Was married on the 22 January 1838
Elizabeth Hendry Born on 22th November 1838
Baptised by the Rev Mr Hislop of Doune
Ebenezer Hendry was Born on 17th September 1840
Ebenezer Hendry Died on 16 August 1841
Robert Hendry born on 16th of September 1842
Baptised by the Rev Dr Beath on 9th October 1842
Ebenezer Hendry Born 21th August 1844
Baptised by the Rev Dr Beath on 9th October 1842
Robert Hendry Died on the 15 of May 1845
John Hendry Born on the 26 November 1846
Baptised by the Rev Dr Beath 13th December 1846
John Hendry Died on 18th June 1848
Alexander Hendry Born 22th January 1849
Baptised by the Rev Dr Beath on 11th February 1849
Margaret Hendry Born 4th February 1852
Baptised by the Rev Dr Beath 7th March
Elizabeth Hendry died at 101 St Georges Road, Glasgow
on 30th January 1860
Elizabeth Hendry was married on October 1859in Stirling
and Died on January the 30 1860
Ebenezer Hendry married 17th January 7th December 1867 to Agnes
Ebenezer Hendry Snr died on the 13th May 1874
As to Ebenezer senior it is known that he was still alive at the time of the 1841 census and there is an Ebenezer Hendry recorded in the census in Alloa aged between 55 and 59 which would match with our Ebenezer who, according to his age given on a later headstone would have been 58. This Ebenezer was identified as an Agricultural Labourer and with an Elizabeth Hendry aged 40 included in the household. Although relationships are not given in this census I believe that this was actually this Ebenezer's wife as there is a record of a mariage for an Ebenezer Henry to an Elizabeth Wright on 7 January 1839 in Alloa. For this to be "our" Ebenezer pre-supposes that Margaret Donaldson, his first wife had died sometime after the birth of their daughter Mary in January 1815. The occupation of Agricultural Labourer does not immediately fit with previously given occupations of Merchant or Carter but ...??
1841 Census (7th. June) Alloa (465) Book 1 Page 18
Old Bridge, Alloa.
|Name||Age||Occupation||Born in County|
|Ebenezer Hendry||55||Agricultural Labourer||Yes|
|Hugh Drymple||40||Coal Miner||No|
We can however be certain about the whereabouts of Ebenezer 11 for the census of 7th June 1841. He was living along with his two young children at the Star Inn, Stirling. Whether the "Agnes Hendry" recorded is actually Isabella and a mistake by the enumerator, or whether Isabella was away and this Agnes was a relative of Ebenezer 11's is not known as relationships are not given in this census. There were also three male servants and three female servants employed at the Inn. Sadly the baby Ebenezer in this census was to die two months later, on 16th August 1841, aged 11 months.
1841 Census (7th. June) Stirling (490) Book 8 Page 27
Star Inn, Baker Street, Stirling.
|Name||Age||Occupation||Born in County|
|Ebenr Hendry||25||Inn Keeper||No|
|Ebenr Hendry||8 mths||Yes|
|Alexr Hobson||25||Male Servant||No|
|Wm Ried||25||Male Servant||No|
|Wm Shirra||25||Male Servant||No|
|Betsey White||20||Female Servant||No|
|Ellen Kenny||20||Female Servant||Ireland|
|Ellen Lyall||20||Female Servant||No|
|John Crawford||25||Corn Merchant||Unknown|
|Robert Millar||20||Corn Merchant||Unknown|
**In 1841 censuses all ages over 15 were rounded down to the nearest 5 - e.g.. 50 could be anything from 50 -> 54, and no relationships were given.
The following year on the 13 September 1842 Queen Victoria an Prince Albert visited Stirling and after visiting the Castle they went by carriage down Baker Street towards the Port Street route out of the town towards Falkirk. Needless to say there were huge celebrations within the town and with the Star on the Baker Street route no doubt a brisk trade would have been done! I suspect this royal visit would have provided a huge boost to Stirling's infant tourist trade.
During this time Ebenezer 11 and Isabella had a further four children, Robert, born on 16th September 1842, another Ebenezer (111 and the next generation in our family history), born on 21st August 1844, John, born on 26th November 1846, and Alexander, born on 22nd January 1849. Sadly both Robert and John died in infancy, Robert on 15th. May 1845 aged 2 years and 8 months, and John on 18th June 1848, aged 19 months. (For further details where known of the children of Ebenezer 11 and Isabella - Click here). The children who died in infancy, Ebenezer, Robert, and John, were buried in a lair alongside Stirling East Parish Church. Unfortunately the headstone has fallen face-down, making the grave difficult to identify. However it was identified from a M.I. transcription for the burial ground obviously taken before the stone fell. Interestingly the children's uncle, their mother Isabella's brother, Robert Thomson, a mason, who died aged 48, on 5 March 1842 would also seem to be been buried in this lair.
The fallen Hendry headstone in the Graveyard of Stirling East Parish Church.
Although these personal tragedies must have been a blow, some solace at least must have been gained from the success of Ebenezer's businesses. With the aforementioned increase in the canal and railway network, (especially the latter), the 1840's saw a great expansion in trade, and also the beginnings of what is now the Scottish tourist industry. Ebenezer ll, like many of his generation, seems to have grasped the opportunity with both hands, not only managing the Star Inn, but also running a coaching business in conjunction with it.
An Advert for Ebenezer 11's Coaching Business - from the Stirling Observer of 6th June 1844
In the Stirling Observer of 6th September 1844, as well as advertising the Forth and Clyde Canal Coaches which already ran from the Star, Ebenezer was advertising his own Omnibus to Bridge of Allan, connecting with the Edinburgh and Glasgow trains. It would seem that the coach and horses hire part of the Star Inn's business was Ebenezer 11's own, E. Hendry & Co., and was expanding.
Advert for the Forth and Clyde Canal Coaches which already ran from the Star, and Ebenezer's own Omnibus to Bridge of Allan - from the Stirling Observer of 6th September 1844
"BY OUR PROFESSION WE LIVE."
A Splendid NEW OMNIBUS to BRIDGE of ALLAN, isnow running daily from the Star Inn, Stirling, at thefollowing hours:---
Passengers are booked from Glasgow to Bridge of Allan, via Canal, at Nine A.M. and Twelve Noon, and from Philp's Bridge of Allan Inn, to Glasgow, at Ten A.M., and Half-past Two P.M. Fares for the whole distance -- Cabin and Inside, 3s. 4d. ; Steerage and Outside, 2s. 1d.
From Stirling to Bridge or Allan only 4d.
The Proprietors of this Omnibus solicit the support and patronage of the Public, as it is put on the road with no other "motive" than the accommodating of Visitors to the Bridge of Allan. The Omnibus will carry Passengers to Stirling in time for the Coaches to the Eleven o'Clock Train to Edinburgh, and Eleven and Three o'Clock to Glasgow, and will wait at the different places of arrival of Coaches from
the Trains leaving Edinburgh at Eleven and Glasgow at Half-past Seven, Eleven, and Three P.M. ; so that Passengers may take their seats, and have their luggage put on the Omnibus without any inconvenience.
DRIVER AND GUARD PAID BY THE PROPRIETORS
E. HENDRY & CO
STAR INN, STIRLING, 13th June, 1844.
The Perth Post Office Directory of 1845-1846 also records the fact that the stagecoach from Perth to Glasgow "The Northern Champion" stopped at the Star in Stirling to disembark \ embark passengers and parcels, which would no doubt create additional income for the business.
Advert for the Perth-Glasgow Stagecoach
Perth P.O Directory of 1845-1846
On 1 March 1848 the railway arrived in Stirling in the form of a connection to the main Edinburgh-Glasgow line at Castlecary, and by the June of that year the connection on to Perth was completed. This would have made a huge difference to the prosperity of Stirling, not only allowing large amounts of goods to be brought in and out much more cheaply but also making available to many more folk an affordable and hugely more comfortable mode of travel. The reduction in cost can be seen by comparing the cost of a journey from Perth to Edinburgh in the Northern Champion stagecoach as advertised in the Perth Advertiser on 3 July 1834, and the Edinburgh to Perth journey on the Scottish Central Railway nearly 23 years later as advertised in the Caledonian Mercury of 8 November 1856. In 1837 to take the Northern Champion stagecoach from Perth to Edinburgh would have cost you 15 shillings to travel inside and 10 shillings and sixpence to travel outside. Nineteen years later the reverse journey by train would cost you 10 shillings in First Class, 8 shillings in Second Class, 5 shillings and sixpence in third class and 3 shillings and 11 pence fourth class! This reduction in the cost of travel resulted in a huge boost for tourism to Stirling, not only as a destination in its own right but also as setting off point for tours of the surrounding countryside, made famous by the likes of Sir Walter Scott's novels. No doubt all of this was much to Ebenezer's benefit and far outweighing any loss of trade from stagecoaches such as the "The Nothern Champion", the likes of which would very shortly all disappear.
Announcement of the opening of the Castlecary-Stirling Railway
aledonian Mercury 28 February 1848
As already alluded to in the preface, Ebenezer 1 died on 13 January 1849, aged 66. This fact is recorded on a headstone in Sighthill Cemetry in Glasgow, belonging to his son in law Thomas Kirk husband of his eldest daughter Mary. The headstone does not record where he died but if the assumptions about his second marriage to Elizabeth Wright and subsequent record of them resident in Alloa for the 1841 census are correct one would assume he actually died and was interred in Alloa. His age, given as 66, confirms him as the Ebenezer Hendry born 25 September 1782. Elizabeth Hen(d)ry nee Wright died on 10 June 1856. Although the record of her death does not specifically identify her as the widow of Ebenezer Hendry she is identified as a widow with the maiden name of Wright and living at Old Bridge Street, Alloa, which would seem to be reasonable grounds for believing this is Ebenezer's widow. She is recorded as buried in the Churchyard of Alloa.
Kirk \ Hendry Grave stone in Sighthill Cemetery
(with grateful thanks to www.memento-mori.co.uk)
To the memory of MARGARET his daughter
Who died October 11th 1845
Aged 9 months
EBENEZER HENDRY his father in law
Died 13th January 1849 Aged 66
WILLIAM KIRK died 17th October 1855
Aged 10 months
ROBERT KIRK his brother
Died 5th December 1860
Aged 49 years
MARY HENDRY his wife
Died 10th February 1865
Aged 50 years
The above THOMAS KIRK
Died 14th June 1882
Aged 75 years
For the census of 31st March 1851 Ebenezer and Isabella were once again recorded at the Star Inn. As well as their three children, three servants, and a guest, they had a John Dawson aged 17, a printer's apprentice and a Agnes Dawson aged 15, recorded as relatives, staying with them. As previously mentioned, the Star was owned by a Dawson family, and the suggestion that Ebenezer was helped in gaining the tenancy by kinship connections either of his own or, more likely, his wife's, is not unreasonable.
1851 Census (31st. March) Stirling (490) Book 8 Page 35
Star Inn, Baker Street, Stirling.
|Ebenezer Hendry||Head||41||Star Inn Keeper||Alloa, Clackmannanshire|
|Isabella Hendry||Wife||40||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Elizabeth Hendry||Daughter||12||Scholar||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Ebenezer Hendry||Son||6||Scholar||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Alexander Hendry||Son||2||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|John Dawson||Relative||17||Printer's Apprentice||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Agnes Dawson||Relative||15||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Janet Bisset||Servant||20||House Servant||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Isabella Gilles||Servant||17||House Servant||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|James Stewart||Servant||26||House Servant||Unknown|
|William Manson||Visitor||29||Commercial Drapery Traveller||Thurso, Caithness|
The fact that the "Star" was a reputable and popular establishment is borne out by a report in the Stirling Observer of 3rd June 1851 on a farewell dinner held there in honour of a Mr. Fenton which states : - "It is almost needless to add that the supper which was of a very superior kind, amply sustained the well known respectability of Mr. Hendry's establishment."
Ebenezer 11 and Isabella had their seventh and final child, Margaret, born on 4th February 1852.
Over the next few years Ebenezer's business seems to have been going well. Well enough, at least, to make him worth robbing, for the Stirling Observer of 19th April 1855 reports the sentencing of a James Wilson or Rennie to 9 months imprisonment the procurator fiscal, Mr. Sconce, for stealing silver plated carriage rods from one of Ebenezer's coaches!
Also in 1855 Ebenezer 11 was investing in the business as was noted by a reporter for the Stirling Observer, and confirmed by an announcement by Ebenezer 11 himself in the same paper.
Ebenezer 11's announcement of the"Improvements" to the Star Inn - from the Stirling Observer of July 1855
TO COMMERCIAL GENTLEMEN AND VISITORS
EBENEZER HENDRY has pleasure in stating that, for the greater accommodation of COMMERCIAL GENTLEMEN, and to render his hotel more worthy of their patronage, and that of their Families and the general Public, he has lately, at considerable expense, caused a large addition to be built to his Hotel. The accommodation in the "STAR" is such as to combine real comfort with economy ; and E.H. trusts, from the very extensive patronage which his many commercial and other friends have conferred upon him during the last seventeen years, that they will duly appreciate this effort, on his part, to meet the wishes of his numerous patrons.
Stirling, July 1855
In November of the same year, Ebenezer 11 was advertising, in the Alloa Advertiser, a property for sale in Broad Street, Alloa. It is not known whether the James Hendry, mentioned in the advert, was a relative or not. (For details of potential relative\tenant - click here)
Advert from the Alloa Advertiser of November 1855
HERITABLE PROPERTY IN ALLOA FOR SALE
ALL AND WHOLE, the just and equal half, pro indiviso, of the SUBJECTS situated on the West side of BROAD STREET, Alloa, belonging to Mr. EBENEZER HENDRY, Innkeeper in Stirling, and occupied by James Hendry and others.
Rental, £10 ; Feu Duty, Four Merks Scots, or 4s. 4d. Sterling or thereby.
Offers to be lodged with, and information given by, JOHN WATSON, Writer, No. 7 March Street, Alloa, in whose hands are the title deeds of the property.
Alloa, 17th November 1855.
The following year the Alloa Advertiser of Saturday 10 May 1856 carried a second advert for what would seem to be the same property. However on this occasion the property was described as belonging to "Mr Ebenezer Hendry, and the heirs of Mrs Mary Hendry, or McEwan". There is a document created in January 1848 at Alloa (Service of Heirs), which documents the right of a "Mary Hendrey wife of Alexander McEwan" to a property in Alloa, and although the property is not identified by street it woud seem likely that this is the same property as identified in the advert. The aforementioned document identified Mary as Mary Hendrey wife of Alexander McEwan and the only child of Robert Hendrey, Sailor, deceased, who was the eldest son of Mary Henderson & her lawful husband Daniel Hendrey in Craigward. It woud seem that Mary's grandmother Mary Henderson was the daughter of Robert Henderson of Craigward and Mary had inherited rights to the property through a her grandmother's sister, Catherine Henderson, her great aunt, a further daughter of Robert Henderson of Craigward. (For further thoughts on this Mrs Mary Hendry, or McEwan - Click here) Note: There are further documents referenced in the sasine index which would seem to refer to Ebenezer's purchase? of a property in Alloa from a William Hendry, Bottle Blower, Alloa Glassworks, who had inherited the property from his uncle, William Henry, and which was originally the property of Mary Henderson (wife of Daniel Hendry). Sight of the original documents might throw some light on how Ebenezer obtain the property, i.e. purchased or inherited, and his relationship if any to Mary Hendry. (For further details of these Sasine Index entries - Click here)
Advert from the Alloa Advertiser of 10 May 1856
TO BE SOLD BY PRIVATE BARGAIN
ALL and WHOLE, that TENEMENT of HOUSES with the STABLES and GARDEN GROUND behind the same, situated on the West side of Broad Street, Alloa, belonging to Mr. EBENEZER HENDRY, and the heirs of Mrs Mary Hendry, or McEwan, and occupied by David Drysdale and others.
For particulars apply to Mr Alexander Thomson, Hosue Factor, No. 14, March Street; or to John WATSON, Writer, No. 7 March Street, in whose hands are the Title Deeds of the subjects, and with whom offers are to be lodged on or before the 31st Curt..
Alloa, 3d May 1856.
In the Stirling Observer of 31st July 1856 the Star receives mention as the venue for the Stirling Boating Club Dinner. Once again the dinner receives praise, being described as "excellent and substantial". The occasion itself seems to have been a success, with "toasts, sentiments, and songs enlivening the proceedings".
Meanwhile throughout this period of the mid and late 1850's, Ebenezer 111 was receiving his education at the old Stirling High School in Cowanes Yard under the guidance of William Young and Duncan McDougall.
On the 11th October 1859, Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of Ebenezer 11 and Isabella, married John Rogerson a merchant with Alexander Paton & Co., soft goods merchants. The marriage took place in Stirling, and the fact that one of the witnesses was an Alexander Paton, presumably of Alexander Paton & Co., suggests that John Rogerson was an important part of that firm, if not a partner.
Sadly, on 30th January 1860, after only three months of marriage, Elizabeth died of jaundice. She was living at the time at 101 St. Georges Road, Glasgow, and was buried in the Glasgow Necropolis on 2nd February.
Inscription on Rogerson headstone in the Glasgow Necropolis
The OS Name Book of 1860 for Stirling included an entry for the Star Inn, wherein it was described as "A Second Class Hotel & Posting Establishment, three storeys high, slated and in good repair. Situated at the corner of Baker Street and Friars Wynd, affords good accomodation - Trusted to the late Mr. Thomas Dawson, Pro'r - Mr Ebenezer Hendry, Occupant"
Entry for the Star Inn in the OS Name Book of 1860
Presumably as a result of this marriage that Ebenezer 111, her brother, was found a position with the same Alexander Paton & Co. in Glasgow, as an accounts clerk in or around 1860. He had attended St. Andrews University for a year after leaving school, but what he had studied and why he was only there for a year is not known.
For the census of 1861 Ebenezer 111, was staying with his parents, and his younger brother and sister, at the Star in Stirling. I am assuming as he is recorded as an "accountant's apprentice", that he had already taken up employment with Alexander Paton & Co. in Glasgow, but was at home, possibly for the Easter holiday.
1861 Census (8th April) Stirling ( ) Book Page
Star Inn, Baker Street, Stirling.
|Ebenezer Hendry||Head||55||Hotel Keeper||Alloa, Clackmannanshire|
|Isabella Hendry||Wife||54||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Ebenezer Hendry||Son||16||Accountant's apprentice||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Alexander Hendry||Son||12||Scholar||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Margaret Hendry||Daughter||9||Scholar||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Jane Smith||Servant||24||Cook||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Margaret Campbell||Servant||22||Housemaid||Glen Orchy, Argyllshire|
|Janet McCrae||Servant||19||Housemaid||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
Obviously, then as now, being the landlord of a licensed premises came with the potential for trouble with . The Stirling Observer of Thursday 15 December 1864 reported on an incident when Ebenenezer was assaulted by a John Murray on the previous Tuesday.
Assault on E. Hendry of the Star - Stirling Observer Thursday 15 December 1864
In 1865 Ebenezer Hendry, Star Hotel, was voted in as a director of the Midland Property Investment Society. This information is included in an article in the The Stirling Observer of 26 January 1865 concerning a meeting of the group in "Hendry's Star Hotel". In itself this is of interest suggesting as it does that Ebenezer had an eye to a profit outside of the Hotel and Carriage business and was respected enough to be elected as a Director. However what is also significant is the other director who was chosen to serve alongside Ebenezer. i.e. Robert Adam, Corkcutter. 50 years later my grandfather John Williamson Hendry was to marry a Robina Adam in Glasgow.
The Stirling Observer of 26 January 1865
It would seem reasonable to assume that their liaison was a result of links between the two families that stretched back to at least the time that Ebenezer and Robert were working together as directors, and it seems highly likely that the links went back earlier that this as Robert's father, James Adam was a local Blacksmith \ Coachsmith. The same age as Ebenezer, although born in Glasgow, James had lived in Stirling from his early twenties, and taking into account Ebenezer's coaching\hostelry background and businesses it is more than reasonable to assume they were acquainted.
However obviously there had to be a link between Robert Adam and Robina Adam for John and Robina to have become acquanted through this Hendry \ Adam friendship. This confirms my research which shows them to have a common ancestors in James Adam, a Blacksmith, and Jean Kemp who lived in Dailly, Ayrshire in the latter quarter of the 18th century. This couple were Robert's grandparents and Robina'sgrreat Great grandparents making Robina Robert's 2nd cousins 1 time removed
The 1866 "Threepeny Guide and Directory for Stirling, Bridge of Alan, etc." carried an advert for Ebenezer hendry's Star Hotel, which included the line "A 'BUS WAITS THE ARRIVAL OF EVERY TRAIN."
Entry for the Star Inn in the Threepeny Guide
and Directory for Stirling, Bridge of Alan, etc.
Between 1861 and 1867, whilst Ebenezer 11 continued the successful running of the "Star", Ebenezer 111 worked on at Alexander Paton's in Glasgow. He seems to have been the kind of young man who would have enjoyed the bachelor life, and was a great sportsman. It was during this time that he started playing for Clydesdale Cricket Club, whose ground at this point was in Kinning Park, on the site of what is now the Glasgow Rangers Football Club ground. Ebenezer 111 remained a member of Clydesdale Cricket Club until his death in 1914. His 23 "not out" reported in a match versus Caledonian on 15th June 1867 is indicitive of his cricketing career.
Clydesdale Cricket Club Cricket Match Report 1867
Clydedale Cricket Club v Caledonian 15th June 1867
CLYDESDALE V. CALEDONIAN
This match was played on Saturday last, on Kinning Park, and resulted in favour of the Clydesdale by 96 runs. Owing to the long scoring on both sides only one innings could be played. Score : -
Umpires -Pierce and McKenzie.
Editor's Note - One assumes that D.Duff would have been "Man of the Match", if such a thing existed in those days !!
Around this time Ebenezer seems to have decided to retire to live in Glasgow, and on 14 June 1867 the Glasgow Herald carried an advertisement by its new owner, Thomas Menzies, offering for sale his "Interest in Lease Goodwill &c" in the "Institution - 11 Back Wynd and 20 King Street", described as "a well known and profitable business" as he had "acquired the Star Hotel in Stiling, occupied for the last 30 years by Mr. Hendry. Thomas Menzies would appear to have originally had a Painting and Decorating business (1861 census) before becoming a hotelier at the Lord Byron Hotel in the Broomielaw, (1863 Directory), prior becoming a Wine and Sprit merchant (1867 Directory) at the Institution, an old Glasgow tavern with two entrances, hence the address 11 Back Wynd and 20 King Street.
Advert by Thomas Menzies - Glasgow Daily Herald 14 June 1867
confirming his purchase of the Star in Stirling
On 17th December 1867, Ebenezer 111 married Agnes Williamson, the daughter of Alexander Williamson, owner of the Queens Hotel in Helensburgh, and Jane Glen. In the 1840's and early 1850's Alexander Williamson had been running the Kings Arms Inn at 66 Trongate, Glasgow and it was there that Agnes was born on 6th October 1844. (SEE ON LINE WILLIAMSON FAMILY HISTORY)
The marriage took place in Helensburgh, and there are two items of note on the wedding certificate. Firstly Hugh Douglas Rogerson, the younger half-brother of the previously mentioned John Rogerson, and of a similar age as Ebenezer 111, was one of the witnesses. Secondly Ebenezer 11, the groom's father, is listed as having "no profession" having left the Star. One would assume that this marriage would have had some bearing on Ebenezer's decision to quit the Star and Stirling and move to Glasgow.
Ebenezer 111 and his new wife set up home at 256 Dumbarton Road, but Ebenezer 111 did not let marriage interrupt his sporting life playing not only cricket at Clydesdale, but also football. Reports of the time suggest that he was a regular and valued player in both sports.
Ebenezer 11 seems to have tired of his retirement in Glasgow and on 10th June 1868 he purchased the building at 54 Murray Place, Stirling. In the book of Sasines the entry of the sale of the premises dated 10 June 1868 describes the location as "all and whole of that piece of the grounds of the lands or orchards, acquired by Andrew Beith, Surgeon of Stirling, from the Trust's disponee's of Alexander Wright, merchant in Stirling, being the feu numbered 6 in the plan by William Legate with the houses and others built thereon, being a portion of all hail these lands or orchards or gardens lying at the foot of the Friar's Wynd of Stirling as formerly possessed by John Stevenson, merchant in Stirling and others under the burdens therein mentioned." It would appear that Andrew Beath may have been the first owner and that the construction the building was contemperous with that of the adjacent North Chuch ie circa 1842-44.
In the November of the same year he opened it as the "Station Hotel". It is interesting that in an advert placed in the Stirling Press and Advertiser announcing the opening of his new hotel, Ebenezer 11 took the opportunity of refuting a rumour that he had accepted a sum of money from the incoming tenant of the "Star", a Mr Menzies, for the "goodwill of the business". - For a brief history of the Station Hotel Building, Murray Place, Stirling 1845-1926 - click here
Announcement of the Opening of the Station Hotel, Stirling - Stirling Press & Advertiser of 20th November 1868
HENDRY’S STATION HOTEL
EBENEZER HENDRY for many years Landlord of the "Star Hotel", Stirling, respectfully intimates that, having purchased the property in Murray Place, situated at the head of the Road leading to the Stirling Railway Station, he has had it newly fitted-up as a FIRST CLASS HOTEL, where every attention will be paid to the comfort of TOURISTS, COMMERCIAL GENTLEMEN, and other VISITORS.
DINNERS, SOUPS, STEAKS, &c, on the Shortest notice.
WINES, SPIRITS, PORTERS, and ALES.
E.H. takes this opportunity of correcting an erroneous statement, which has been circulated to the effect that he had disposed of the good-will of the business carried on by him in the "Star Hotel" to Mr. Menzies. There is no foundation in this. The business was neither offered for sale, nor did he receive any remuneration or equivalent therefor
According the the following article in the Falkirk Herald of 19 November 1868 it would also appear that that Ebenezer had some difficulty in getting the burgh magistrates to grant him a hotel licence for his new establishment with 120 objectors!. However Mr. McLuckie his lawyer and family friend seems to have swayed the magistrates in favour 14 to five.
Falkirk Herald - 19 November 1868
By 1871 Ebenezer 11 was no doubt making as much of a success of the "Station Hotel" as he had done of the "Star", except now as owner, not tenant.
Advert for "Hendry's Station Hotel from the Stirling Directory of 1870-71
It is at his new hotel that we find him and his wife for the census of 3rd April 1871. Their youngest daughter Margaret, now 19, is still at home, and a Margaret Craig is amongst the guests. This Margaret Craig was an aunt of Agnes Williamson, Ebenezer 11's daughter-in-law.
1871 Census (3rd April) Stirling ( ) Book Page
Station Hotel, 54 Murray Place, Stirling.
|Ebenezer Hendry||Head||65||Hotel Keeper||Alloa, Clackmannanshire|
|Isabella Hendry||Wife||64||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Margaret Hendry||Daughter||19||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Margaret Craig||Visitor||61||Independent||New Monklands, Lanarkshire|
Back in Glasgow, Ebenezer 111 was now the father of two children, Ebenezer 1V, born on 25th January 1869, and Jean Glen, born on 16th August 1870. At the time of the census of 3rd April 1871, he, his wife and two children, were staying with his in-laws at the Queens Hotel, Helensburgh, possibly for the Easter holidays. As can be seen in this census both Ebenezer and Agnes's first children were born in Helensburgh, not at home in Glasgow.
1871 Census (3rd April) Row (Rhu) (503) Book ? (last one before training ship)
Queens Hotel, East Clyde Street, Helensburgh.
|Alexander Williamson||Head||54||Hotel Keeper||Airdrie, Lanarkshire|
|Jane Williamson||Wife||51||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Agnes Williamson||Daughter||26||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Alexander Williamson||Son||23||Manufacturer of mineral waters||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|John Williamson||Son||17||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|James Williamson||Son||15||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Ellen Williamson||Daughter||14||Balloch, Dumbartonshire|
|William Williamson||Son||11||Row, Dumbartonshire|
|Margaret Williamson||Daughter||3||Row, Dumbartonshire|
|Ebenezer Hendry||Son-in-law||26||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Ebenezer Hendry||Grandson||2||Row, Dumbartonshire|
|Jean Hendry||Grand-daughter||7 mths||Row, Dumbartonshire|
Just over a year after this census Ebenezer 111 and Agnes had their third child, a second daughter, Isabella, born on 8th July 1872, but despite his growing family Ebenezer 111's sporting life seems to have continued unabated, and at the inaugural meeting of the Scottish Football Association he had the honour, along with another Clydesdale player William Gibb, to be voted onto the committee. Clydesdale also provided the President in Archie Campbell.
Two years after this census on 26 May of 1873 the 62 year old Ebenezer 11 had an potential nasty accident whilst selling a horse at the Glasgow market, as reported in the Alloa Journal and Clackmannanshire Advertiser of Saturday 31 May 1873. It would appear that whilst he was chatting to a potential buyer the horse which was being led up and down knocked him down and trampled him. Judging by the report was quite badly injured but was recovering well.
Ebenezer Hendry Accident - Alloa Journal
and Clackmannanshire Advertiser. Saturday 31 May 1873
For 1873 Ebenezer 111 was created Honorary Secretary for Clydesdale Cricket Club, and the following year, on 21st March 1874, he was chosen to play for Clydesdale against Queens Park in the inaugural Scottish Football Association Cup Final. After an exciting match in front of 2,000 spectators the Clydesdale team were beaten 2 - 0. A book titled Scottish Football Reminiscences and Sketches by David Drummond Bone published in 1890 contains some references to Ebenezer and Clydesdale amongst which is a resume of Ebenezer’s footballing skills – “Ebenezer Hendry. - Mr. Hendry was more of a cricketer than a football player, and made many fine scores for his side during the early years of his career. With the exception of Mr. Gardner and Mr. Anderson, all the members of the Clydesdale could play cricket, and it was more for the purpose of keeping members together during the winter months that the dribbling game was started on Kinning Park (the old home of the senior cricket club of Glasgow). Mr. Hendry was a slow tackler, and took too long to get on the ball, but when he got a fair chance, was a very neat kicker, and showed good judgment.”
Unfortunately, seven weeks after this event, on 13th May 1874, Ebenezer 11, aged 66, died in Stirling. The cause of death was given as "Disease of the Heart - Years" with no suggestion that the accident of the May the previous year was a factor. The Alloa Advertiser of carried an announcement of his demise and a brief obituary. The line towards the end "Thereby hangs a little tale which it would be unprofitable further to refer to". presumably referes back to the accusation he disposed of the good-will of the business carried on by him in the "Star Hotel" to Mr. Menzies, refuted at the time in the advert announcing the opening of the Station Hotel.
Ebenezer Hendry's Obituary - The Alloa Advertiser. Saturday 16th May 1874
Ebenezer 111, was still in Glasgow for after the birth of his fourth child, Elizabeth, who was born on 30th May 1874, but in the February of 1875 he left his job and his friends at Alexander Paton & Co., and returned to Stirling to help his mother in the running of the Station Hotel. To mark the occasion of his leaving Alexander Paton & Co. he was presented with a elaborate punch-cup stand by his friends there engraved - "PRESENTED TO MR. EBENEZER HENDRY BY A FEW OF HIS OLD FRIENDS AT ALEX'R PATON & CO ON HIS LEAVING GLASOW 10TH FEBRUARY 1875". Once back in Stirling Ebenezer 111 set up home at 19 Princes Street.
A fortnight prior to this on 27th January 1875, his youngest sister, Margaret, married Charles Hercules Reynolds, an engineer, the son of Charles Reynolds, a hotel keeper, and Charlotte Hands. He was living at 6 Radnor Terrace, Sandyford, Glasgow, at the time, although the marriage took place in Stirling. John Rogerson crops up again as one of the witnesses, and it is possible that, with her father being dead, he gave the bride away. Amongst their wedding presents was a handsome family bible from Mr. and Mrs. McLuckie, which, for some reason, is in the possession of our family.
Once back in Stirling Ebenezer 111 set up home at 19 Princes Street. Sometime the following year a Mr. John Sutherland was laid up at the hotel as the result of some kind of accident, as, on the 31st January 1876, he sent a copy of the "Plays and PoemsWilliam Shakespeare" from London, inscribing the front page with - "To Mr. Ebenezer Hendry in remembrance of the kind attention shewn by him to one, whilst I was laid up by an accident at the Station Hotel, Stirling". This is also still in the family's possession.
Shakespeare - Plays and Poems - Inscription
By the end of 1877 Ebenezer 111's family had grown to six, with the addition of Alexander, born on 23rd February 1876, and Agnes, born on 9th December 1877.
1878 was a disastrous year for Ebenezer 111. On 6th August 1878 his younger brother, Alexander, aged 29, and as far as is known unmarried, committed suicide. A precognition found that he had taken his own life at the Station Hotel by "Suicidal Poisoning having swallowed an ounce or thereby of Laudanum". Why he should have taken his own life was not recorded and at this moment in time remains a mystery.
Eight weeks later, on 1st October 1878 the City of Glasgow Bank, in which Ebenezer 111 had one £100 share, went bankrupt. It was found to have debts of £12,400,000 against assets of only £7,200,000, and as it was not a Limited Company, (not uncommon in those days), the Shareholders were personally responsible for this debt. This meant that not only was Ebenezer 111's £100 share worthless, but that he, along with the rest of the Shareholders would be held liable for £2,750, per £100 share held, a substantial sum of money in those days.
Ebenezer Hendry's shareholding \ liability with the City of Glasgow Bank
from the list published by the Otago Daily Times , 28 November 1878, Page 2
Complete list avalable on the web HERE
Ebenezer 111 did manage to raise the money and stay solvent, seemingly by borrowing against a trust set up by his late father. When the affairs of the Bank were settled some four years later, on 1st October 1882, he was one of only 254 out of the 1819 original shareholders to avoid bankruptcy.
Finally, on 9th December 1878, his mother, Isabella Thomson, died aged 71, according to her death certificate. The death certificate also records the fact that she had been paralysed for a month and one cannot help but wonder if the suicide of her younger son and the financial disaster that had beset her elder son were contributory factors in her demise.
The following year Ebenezer 111 and Agnes had their seventh child, a daughter Margaret, born on 8th September 1879. Her birth is recorded at 54 Murray Place, the Station Hotel itself, but some time after Margaret's birth the family seem to have taken up residence 52 Murray Place, next door to the hotel. Possibly Ebenezer 111's expanding family was taking up too many potentially paying rooms !! Certainly by the census of 1881, although Ebenezer 111 and Agnes are still listed at the Station Hotel, 54 Murray Place, the children, along with their nurse, are listed next door at 52 Murray Place.
1881 Census (3rd April) Stirling ( ) Book Page
Station Hotel, 54 Murray Place, Stirling.
|Ebenezer Hendry||Head||36||Hotel Keeper||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Agnes Hendry||Wife||36||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|James Williamson||Brother-in-Law||24||Marine Engineer||Balloch|
|John M. Stewart||Boarder||31||Veterinary||Edinburgh|
|John MacKenzie||Boarder||20||Grocer||Tollcross, Edinburgh|
|Cathrine McGregor||Servant||47||Housemaid||Stirling, Scotland|
|Mary Murray||Servant||28||Cook||Tillicoutry, Clackmannanshire|
|Mary Dick||Servant||18||Laundrymaid||Bannockburn, Stirlingshire|
|William Forgie||Servant||20||Boots||Grahmston, Stirlingshire|
1881 Census (3rd April) Stirling ( ) Book Page
52 Murray Place, Stirling.
|Ebenezer Hendry||Son||12||Scholar||Row, Dumbartonshire|
|Jean Glen Hendry||Daughter||10||Scholar||Row, Dumbartonshire|
|Isabella Hendry||Daughter||8||Scholar||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Elizabeth Hendry||Daughter||6||Scholar||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Alexander Hendry||Son||5||Scholar||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Agnes Hendry||Daughter||3||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Margaret Hendry||Daughter||1||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|June MacLean||Servant||40||Servant||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Margaret Kerr||Servant||16||Barmaid||Lammington, Lanarkshire|
Eleven months after this census, on 8th February 1882, Ebenezer 111 and Agnes had their eighth child and third son, John Williamson Hendry, my Grandfather, who was born next door to the Station Hotel, at 52 Murray Place, Stirling.
Over the next five years Ebenezer 111's family continued to grow, with the births of Robert on 9th November 1883, Helen on 19th May 1885, and, lastly, Mary on 9th July 1887. The final score was 11 children, (4 boys and 7 girls), over 20 years.
An advert for the hotel in Rowe-Gliddon's "Stirlingshire (Burgh and County) directory, with which are included Doune, Dunblane, Callander, &c." for 1886-87, referenced the fact that the "Tram Cars to bridge of Allan pass the door". This references the horse drawn tramcar service first started in 1874 which took passengers to Bridge of Allan, a popular tourist destination. (The tramlines can be seen in the middle of the road in the later postcard further down the page.
Advert for "Hendry's Station Hotel
Rowe-Gliddon's 1886-1887 "Stirlingshire (Burgh and County) directory,
with which are included Doune, Dunblane, Callander, &c.
1891 started inauspiciously with the sad death of Jean Glen, Agnes's mother, who died on 5th January, aged 70, in the Queens Hotel in Helensburgh.
In March 1891 Ebenezer 111 was elected president of the Albert Place Bowling Club. It would seem that since his return to Stirling from Glasgow, Ebenezer had continued to indulge his love of sport, being a member of Stirling Castle Curling Club, and Stirling County Cricket Club, as well as the Albert Place Bowling Club. He was also a regular spectator at Kings Park F.C.'s matches.
Report on the Annual Meeting of the Stirling Bowling Club from the Stirling Observer of 1st April 1891
STIRLING CLUB.- The annual meeting of this club was held on Thursday night, when the following office-bearers were elected for the ensuing year:- President, Mr E. Hendry ; vice-president, Mr R. Cairns ; secretary, Mr H. Robb ; treasurer, Mr R. Walker ; directors, Councillor W. Crawford, Messrs Thomas Wilson, W. Paton, Jas. Brown, T. Gentles, senior, H. M. Kirkwood, and Jas. Thomson. Councillor Crawford presided at the meeting, and the turnout of members was large.
During his time in Stirling Ebenezer never seems to have entertained ambitions in the sphere of local politics, although he was an elder in the Stirling East Parish church under the Rev J. P. Lang. His one foray into public affairs was sports related, of course, being to do with the provision of new swimming baths.
For the census of 3rd April 1891, Ebenezer 111 and Agnes were recorded as living, along with 9 of their 11 children, at the Station Hotel, 54 Murray Place, 52 Murray Place seemingly having been relinquished. Ebenezer 1V, and Isabella, who would have been aged 22 and 19 respectively, are not recorded. Isabella was visiting her Aunt Margaret and her husband Charles H. Reynolds, a Naval Architect, in Longbenton, Northumberland (see "Further details of the children of Ebenezer Hendry and Isabella Thomson"). Ebenezer was and may have flown the nest by this time.
1891 Census (3rd April) Stirling ( ) Book Page
Station Hotel, 54 Murray Place, Stirling.
|Ebenezer Hendry||Head||46||Hotel Keeper||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Agnes Hendry||Wife||44||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Jean G. Hendry||Daughter||20||Row, Dumbartonshire|
|Elizabeth Hendry||Daughter||16||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Alexander Hendry||Son||15||Scholar||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Agnes Hendry||Daughter||13||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Margaret Hendry||Daughter||11||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|John W. Hendry||Son||9||Scholar||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Robert Hendry||Son||7||Scholar||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Helen Hendry||Daughter||5||Scholar||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Mary Hendry||Daughter||3||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Catherine McGregor||Servant||58||Housemaid||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Janet Naismith||Servant||39||Cook||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Christina Welch||Servant||51||Laundrymaid||Auchtordoran, Fifeshire|
|Margaret Heggie||Servant||14||Nurse||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Peter Gordon||Servant||37||Boots||Deskford, Banfshire|
Sadly six months after this census, on 11th October 1891, Agnes Williamson, Ebenezer 111's wife, died of " a malignant disease in the abdomen", aged only 47.
To make matters worse the following month her father, Alexander Williamson died, aged 77, on 17th November 1891, in Helensburgh, only eleven months after the death of his wife, Jean Glen.
No doubt devastated and now a widower with 9 children, Ebenezer 111 decided to quit the hotel business and at the end of 1891 put the Station Hotel up for sale by "public roup", (auction).
Offer of the Station Hotel for sale from the Stirling Observer of 30th December 1891
HOTEL AND HORSE AND CARRIAGE
HIRING BUSINESS AND PREMISES
There will be exposed to Sale by Public Roup, within the Station Hotel, Murray Place, Stirling, on Friday 22nd January, 1892 at One O'clock p.m.
The STATION HOTEL, Murray Place, Stirling, with the STABLING and HORSE and CARRIAGE PREMISES and other conveniences behind, also the GOODWILL of the BUSINESS.
The Hotel, which is close to the Station, contains a number of Public Rooms and 10 Bedrooms. A large part of the Horse and Carriage Accommodation, which is very extensive, has been recently erected, and there is stabling for 32 horses. The business has been carried out by the present proprietor and his father for 23 years, and is well and favourably known to tourists, commercial gentlemen and the public.
The proprietor is giving up the business in consequence of family bereavement.
For further information, apply to Mr E. HENDRY, Station Hotel, Stirling ; or J. & J. MATTIE & MCLUCKIE, Writers, Stirling, who hold the Titles and Articles of Roup.
In January of 1892, with the sale by public roup having failed to produce a purchaser, Ebenezer sold the Station Hotel to Mr. James Lennox, proprietor of the Golden Lion Hotel for £5400. There is a record dated 17 May 1892 of the discharge of what I assume was the loan of £2577 11 s. 7d taken out on 26 October 1882 by Ebenezer against his father's trust. This presumably was to cover his share of the aforementioned City of Glasgow debt.
Announcement of the Sale of the Station Hotel, Stirling - from the Stirling Press & Advertiser of January 1892
SALE OF THE STATION HOTEL.- Mr. Hendry's Station Hotel, which was exposed by public roup on Friday but which failed to find a purchaser, was sold privately on Tuesday to Mr. Lennox, Golden Lion Hotel, along with the goodwill of the business for £5400.
The Station Hotel in Stirling after its sale to James Lennox circa 1900??
With the Station Hotel sold Ebenezer took temporary residence at a large house called Beechwood (now council offices), in Newhouse, Stirling, possibly deciding what to do next.
The Station Hotel in Stirling after its sale to James Lennox circa 1900??
Despite the sad circumstances that occasioned it, Ebenezer 111 must have been heartened by the "Complimentary Dinner" held by his peers to mark the occasion of his retiral from the Station Hotel.
After about a year in residence at Beechwood, Ebenezer 111 moved with his family back to Glasgow, to become a partner with Gilmour & Co. Silk Merchants. He and his family took up residence at 284 Maxwell Drive, Pollokshields, on the south -side of Glasgow.
No doubt Jean Glen, his eldest daughter, would have been the mistress of the household, whilst her younger brothers and sisters continued their education, the girls attending Albert Road Academy, and John Williamson Hendry at least, attending Hutcheson's Academy. Ebenezer 111 meanwhile returned to Clydesdale Cricket Club, membership of which he had maintained during his time in Stirling, and in 1898, at the dinner to celebrate the Club's Jubilee, he was one of the croupiers.
At the time of the 1901 census the family were still resident at 284 Maxwell Drive, Pollokshields.
1901 Census (7th April) Glasgow (644/13) Book 35 Page 41/42
284 Maxwell Drive, Pollokshields, Glasgow
|Ebenezer Hendry||Head||56||Silk Merchant (Emplyr)||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Jean Glen Hendry||Daughter||30||Helensburgh, Dumbartonshire|
|Isabella Hendry||Daughter||28||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Alexander Hendry||Son||25||Stockbroker's Clerk||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Agnes Hendry||Daughter||23||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|John W. Hendry||Son||19||Lawyer's Apprentice||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Robert T. Hendry||Son||17||Accountant's Apprentice||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Helen Hendry||Daughter||15||Scholar||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Mary Hendry||Daughter||13||Scholar||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Wilhemina Murdoch||Servant||18||General Servant (Domestic)||Islay, Argylshire (G&E).|
In 1907 Ebenezer 111 retired from business, and bought the Waverley Hotel, in Dumfries. The Hotel was purchased from Mrs. Cameron for £5200. This was no doubt to provide for his eldest daughter, Jean Glen, who seems to have been "house-keeper" for him since the death of his wife, and Mary his youngest daughter.
A notice of the purchase of the Waverley Hotel by Ebenezer Hendry
SALE OF A DUMFRIES HOTEL.- We understand that the Waverley Hotel, Dumfries, has been sold by Mrs Cameron to Mr. Ebenezer Hendry, merchant, 284 Maxwell Street, Pollokshields, Glasgow, for £5200. Messrs J. Henderson & Sons, solicitos, Dumfries, were the agents fo the seller ; and Messrs Finlay, Smith & Fulton, solicitors, Glasgow, agents for the purchaser.
For the census of 1911 Ebenezer was recorded along with his eldest and youngest daughters, Jean Glen and Mary White at 3 York Place, St. Mary's, Dumfries, the Waverley hotel. It was recorded as having 24 rooms with 1 or more windows and 4 live-in servants were also listed in the household.
1911 Census (2 April) Dumfries - 821 Book 9, Page 16
3 York Place, St. Mary's, Dumfries (24 Rooms with 1 or more windows - Waverley Hotel)
No of Children
|Ebenezer Hendry||Head - Widow||66||Hotel Keeper - Employer||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Jean Glen Hendry||Daughter||40||Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire|
|Mary White Hendry||Daughter||23||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Elizabeth Veitch||Servant||27||Tablemaid - Hotel - Worker||Edinburgh, Midlothian|
|Isabella Little||Servant||17||Housemaid - Hotel - Worker||Dumfries, Dumfries-shire|
|Eleourea Thomson||Servant||24||Housemaid - Hotel - Worker||Dumfries, Dumfries-shire|
|Elizabeth Kenning||Servant||45||Cook - Hotel - Worker||Dunscore, Dumfries-shire|
|John Geddes Ritchie||Boarder||25||Divinity Student - Church of Scotland||Paisley, Renfrewshire|
Meanwhile back in Glasgow the rest of his daughters were living with their brother John W. Hendry at 2 Nithsdale Place (in Nithsdale Road), Glasgow. Of the other brothers Ebenezer IV had emigrated to South Africa, Robert to Canada, and Alexander, although still in the UK albeit in England, would also emigrate to join his brother Robert in Canada within two months of this census. Also included in the household is his sister Elizabeth's husband Andrew Anderson and their family Agnes Helen and Elizabeth Margaret. (for further details of the children of Ebenezer Hendry and Agnes Williamson - click here)
1911 Census (2 April) Shotts - 644/18 Book 13, Page 13
3 Nithsdale Place, Polokshields, Govan, Glasgow (6 Rooms with 1 or more windows)
No of Children
|John W Hendry||Head||29||Law Agent - Worker||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Isabella T. Hendry||Sister||38||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Agnes W. Hendry||Sister||33||Teacher - Student||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Margaret Hendry||Sister||31||Typist - Worker||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Helen W. Hendry||Sister||25||Teacher||Stirling, Stirlingshire|
|Andrew Anderson||Relation||38||Manager Engineering Works - Worker||Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire|
|Elizabeth Anderson||Sister||36||11||2||2||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Agnes H. Anderson||Relation||9||School||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Elizabeth M. Anderson||Relation||4||England|
|Elizabeth Mitchell||Servant||29||General Servant Domestic||Airdrie, Lanarkshire|
In Dumfries Ebenezer 111 of course joined Dumfries Cricket Club, and settled down to his retirement.
He died seven years later, on 2nd April 1914, at the Waverley Hotel, shortly after paying his 50th annual subscription to Clydesdale Cricket Club to which he had still retained his membership. The Stirling Observer carried an obituary.
Ebenezer Hendry's Obituary from the Stirling Observer
DEATH OF FORMER STIRLING
THE LATE MR. EBEN HENDRY
A well known and highly respected townsman of former days has passed away in the person of Mr. Ebenezer Hendry, of the Waverley Hotel, Dumfries, who was for long identified with the Station Hotel, Stirling. Mr. Hendry, who had reached the age of 60, had enjoyed his usual good health up to eleven weeks ago, when he took ill, and had since then been confined to bed, his death, which took place on Thursday, rather suddenly, being due to haemorrhage. Deceased was a native of Stirling, his father occupying the Star Hotel, which stood at the corner of Friars Street and Baker Street. Some forty-five years ago old Mr. Hendry acquired the present Station Hotel, which was then occupied as law offices, but was reconstructed and licensed as a hotel. Mr. Ebenezer Hendry served his apprenticeship in Glasgow in the soft goods trade, but on the death of his father he succeeded to the Station hotel which he successfully conducted until 1892, when he disposed of the business, which was taken over by the late Mr. James Lennox. After a year's residence in Stirling, at Beechwood, Newhouse, Mr. Hendry removed to Glasgow, on becoming a partner in the firm of Messrs. Gilmour & Co., silk merchants, Royal Exchange Square.
He continued this connection until 1907, when he became the proprietor of the Waverley Hotel, Dumfries, where he died last week. When in Stirling, Mr. Hendry took a close interest in all matters affecting the welfare of the burgh, though he never became a member of any of the public Boards. He, however, lent his active support to many of the institutions of the town. He was a great lover of cricket. When first in Glasgow he became connected with the Clydesdale Club, and last year he paid his fiftieth annual subscription to it. He was also a member of Stirling County C.C., and latterly of the Dumfries Club. He was likewise a past president of the Albert Place Bowling Club, and was also a good curler, being connected with the Stirling Castle Club. In Stirling he was a regular attender at the County Cricket Club matches, and also those of the King's Park Football Club, and was always interested in their doings.
In other directions the deceased gentleman extended his sympathy and support, and was an elder at the East Parish Church. Mr. Hendry was predeceased by his wife, who died in Stirling, but all the members of his family, eleven in number, still survive. The funeral took place to Stirling Cemetery on Monday, and was attended by many off his old friends in the town.
Ebenezer 111 was laid to rest in the family grave in Stirling alongside his father, mother, and wife.
The second Hendry grave in the graveyard of the Stirling East Church.
SACRED TO THE MEMORY
In his will he named Jean Glen Hendry and Mary Hendry as his executors, leaving an estate valued at £773 18s. 2d. and the running of the Waveley Hotel passed to his eldest daughter Jean Glen Hendry.
A notice of the transfer of the license for the Waverley Hotel
from Ebenezer Hendry to his daughter Jeannie Glen Hendry
WAVERLEY HOTEL LICENSE -- At a sitting
The Waverley Hotel in the 1980's
By the time of his father's demise, John Williamson Hendry, had qualified as a solicitor through the profession. He was living in Pollokshields at 3 Nithsdale Place, and was, of course, a member of Clydesdale Cricket Club.
The first record of him practising his profession is his listing in the Glasgow Directory of 1911, practising law at 121 Bath Street. By 1912 he had moved to 191 West George Street, and by 1914 he had moved again, this time to 108 West Regent Street, and was listed as Hendry & Husband.
On 3rd July 1917, in the Grand Central Hotel, Glasgow, John W. married a Robina Adam, the daughter of William Adam, a locomotive engineer, and Agnes Stewart. Robina was born on 6th December 1887 at 42 Garturk Street in Glasgow, but was orphaned, aged 11, after the death of her mother on 20th June 1899, her father having died some three years previously on 3rd April 1896. After a seemingly unhappy spell living with a married elder brother, the young Robina went to live with a elder sister, Jane Burns Adam. Jane Burns had married James MacGregor Gordon, a cashier, (and later director), with Caldwell, Young & Co., a firm of silk merchants. This seems to have been a much more successful arrangement as she seems to have been received with great kindness, and treated as one of the family. (SEE ONLINE ADAM & STEWART FAMILY HISTORY)
Whilst living in Pollokshields, Robina would have attended Albert Road Academy, along with the younger Hendry daughters, at least. It is also possible that Ebenezer Hendry (senior) and James MacGregor Gordon would have been acquainted through their common involvement in the silk trade, Ebenezer being a director of Gilmour & Co., silk merchants, during the 1890's. (There is a prior if convoluted link between the families of John W. Hendry and Robina Adam.)
John W. Hendry and Robina Adam
Of course at this time the Great War was raging in Europe and John Williamson Hendry was recorded on his marriage record as "Writer (Cadet Officer - Cadet Battalion)". It is unknown whether he was already a member of the Territorial force prior to the war or whether he had volunteered\been conscripted sometime after the outbreak. One would assume the photograpgh was taken as part of the passing out ceremony and therefore dated just prior to his JWH's marriage to Robina.
Section A Company - No 1 Officer Cadet Battalion March-June 1917 - JWH circledOne wonders how many of these faces survived the war?
However by January 1918 he was a commissioned officer, 2nd Lieutenant, in the 9th (Glasgow Highlanders) Battalion H.L.I. and on 24th January 1918 he joined the regiment at Alnwick Camp, Potljze, near Passchendal , Belgium, on the Western front and was assigned to B Company. At this time the British army were increasingly short of officers as they suffered a higher casualty rate and this may be reflected in John W seeing active service despite being 36. After a fairly quite first few weeks the Battalion was moved back to the front near Passchendale where they remained seeing sporadic action throughout March.
By the 7th April the Battalion was in billets at Izel-les-Hameau awaiting a move to the south in support of troops who had been hard pressed containing a German assault in the Vimy Ridge \ Amiens areas. On the 10th April they set of but had gone no more than a couple of miles when they were ordered back and re-directed to the north where the Germans had launched a fresh offensive on the northern front around the Bassee Canal. The battalion was moved north and took up positions in the Bailleul \ Neuve Eglise area.
Over the next few days it took part in some fierce fighting and seems to have played a major role in stemming the German advance in that area. Unfortunately John W was wounded on the 13th April and it is assumed was taken to the rear. By the time this particular phase of operations was completed on 20th April 1918 with the battalion’s move to billets at Noordpeene the casualties list was - Killed: Officers 7, Other Ranks 60. Wounded: Officers 13, (including 2 at duty), Other Ranks 172. Missing: Other Ranks 154.
I suspect, as a result of his wounds, John W never returned to active service in France. On his recovery and the cessation of hostilities he resumed his law practice, and hopefully life settled down to normal domesticity. John W did however remain an active member of the Glasgow Highlands for years thereafter.
(The previous information was extracted from "The War Diary of the 9th (Glasgow Highland) Battalion Highland Light Infantry - 'the Glasgow Highlanders' 1914 to 1919" as transcribed by Alec Weir(WO 95 1347 and WO 95 2431.) and "Shoulder to Shoulder - The Glasgow Highlanders 9th. Bn. Highland Light Infantry 1914 -1918" by Colonel A. K. Reid, GB, CBE, DSO, MC, TD, DL. There is obviously a lot more detail in these sources and I have copies of both theses books and if you have any questions or queeries regards them please contact me using the Contact Form and I will be happy to help of I can.)
My Grandfather and Grandmother, had their one and only child, my father, two years after their marriage. James MacGregor Gordon Hendry, (usually known as Gordon) born 21st March 1919. He was born at 9 Herriet Street, Pollokshields, which seems to have been a nursing home, but his parents were resident at 5 Melville Street, Pollokshields at the time. He was named after the husband of Jane Burns, Robina's sister, as a mark of gratitude for taking Robina in as part of their family after Robina's mother's death, and the kindness shown to her. Over the following years the family seemed to have lived a prosperous middle class life style. Summer holidays seemed to have often been spent at Lochranza on the Isle of Arran in the Firth of Clyde.
Young J. M. Gordon Hendry and a pal
J. W. Hendry, Robina and their son James McGregor Gordon Hendry
I suspect this may have been taken during family holidays at Lochranza on the Isle of Arran.
John W Hendry is on the far right and Robina second on his left with her hands resting on the heads
of two of the boys sat at her feet. I believe James McGregor Gordon Hendry is at the feet of his father.
After a brief time listed with the legal firm of Hendry and Stuart, my grandfather settled into a partnership with Kay, Morton, Hendry, and Stuart. The family home moved from Melville Street, to 206 Darnley Street, (1921-1925), followed by six years at 4 Mariscat Road, before landing at 4 Boleyn Road. All the addresses are in Pollokshields and the final one is a few minutes walk from the Club house of Clydesdale Cricket Club a situation that must of suited not only my grandfather but also my father, the son having inherited the "sporting gene". No idea where or under what circumstances the following photograph was taken, J.W.H. with Robina at his side seems to be regalling a captive audience with an amusing anecdote or the like. I would guess that "the audience" consists of relatives probably of both himself and Robina but I have no idea as to who's who or the circumstances surrounding the apparently contrived tableau.
"White tie and Tales"
My father went to Glasgow High School in 1928 where he seems to have been accomplished academically. However it was on the sports pitches especially cricket that he excelled having had five seasons with the XI. However his all round accomplishment is summed up by his final year when he seems to have not only successfully captained both the cricket X1 AND the rugby XV but also Vice-Presidents of the Literary Society, AND Captain of School! Also while at Glasgow High he had joined the Corps and risen to the rank of Company Quartermaster Sergeant.
J. M. Gordon Hendry - Captain of 1st XV?
Captain Courageous - Glasgow High School Magazine - June 1937
After leaving school and entering University to study law he continued his military service joining the territorial regiment the Ninth Battalion, the Glasgow Highlanders. This was the same regiment in which his father had served during and the First World War and had remained with them as a company Commander up until 1926.
In 1938 John W. Hendry was elected as the President of the Scottish Union, no doubt reflecting his long association with Clydesdale Cricker Club, of which he had been president in 1926-1927. I would imagine with his father having been on the committe at the foundation of the Scottish Football Association in 1873 this makes for an interesting Hendry claim to fame.
With the outbreak of the 2nd World War in 1939 my father was called to active service with the Glasgow Highlanders in which his father had served both during and after the First World War. He went with the regiment to France in the of only to return fairly quickly. The regiment then settles down to a period of training, much of it in Mountain Warfare and carried out in and around the Cairngorms. For further information on J.M. Gordon Hendry and the Glasgow Highlanders - click here)
A Coy Ist battalion GHLI - Operation Edelweiss March 1944
Mountain Warfare Traing in the Cairngorms
Sadly on 3rd November 1941 Robina Adam died aged, at home at 4 Boleyn Road, Pollokshields, Glasgow.
Glasgow Herald - 5 November 1941
I believe it must have been sometime in the summer that my father met my mother, Phylis Dart, a sister in the Queen Alexandria Imperial Nursing Service, the daughter of Herbert Dart and Elizabeth Young Rutherford Mathieson of 27 Harden Road, Leamore, Walsall. (For further information on D. P. Dart and her time in the Queen Alexandria Imperial Nursing Service - click here.) She had enrolled in the QAINS in the April of 1944 and been posted to Turnberry in the May. However I have a suspicion they may have met in the June when she was tranferres to Bridge of Earn Hospital, at the time when he and the period when the regiment were training up and around the Cairngorm region, possibly at a dance organised to provide light relief to the troops? If this was the case it was certainly a whirl wind romance as on 19th August 1944 the Walsall Observer and South Staffordshire Chronicle carried a notice of their engagement.
The Walsall Observer and South Staffordshire Chronicle - 19 August 1944
The date may have some significance as with the success of the D-Day landings both knew they were likely to end up on active service in Europe with the obvious element of risk that would involve. In fact like most UK military personnel they both did end up in Europe. Mum embarked for Europe on 1 October 1944 and just before Christmas on 20 December 1944 she was attached to 74 General Hospital. Initially 74 General Hospital was stationed at Bruges but in the May moved north to Luneberg. Just over two weeks later on 17 October 1944 my father crossed the channel, along with the regiment, taking part in the landings on the island of Walcheren, followed by the campaign up through Belgium and over the Rhine leading to the capitulation of the German Armed Forces on the 7th May 1945
I believe they did manage to meet up during this period as the Glasgow Highlanders were stationed at various positions in and around the same area. There is evidence of one such meeting although a few weeks after the official ending of hostilities which was recorded by my father in his War Diary "June 2 - Course of instruction on dealing sitting on summary military court on members of WERMACHT. Returned via LUNEBURG and dined at 74 Br Gen Hospital. Arrived BIERE approx 01:00 3 June".
J.M. Gordon Hendry and D. Phyllis Dart - Ghent 1945
On 29 June 1945 she was transferred to 101 General Hospital which would seem to have been stationed near Bruges at Louvain at the time she joined, and shortly afterwards she was granted compassionate leave from 12 July 1945-26 July 1945. This would have been to allow her to return to the UK to marry. Major James MacGregor Gordon Hendry and Dorothy Phyllis Dart were married on 18th July 1945 in Glasgow, and it is interesting to reflect that i it had not been for the war it is highly unlikely that they would ever have met as they came from very different backgrounds, with her coming from a working class family in Birmingham and he from a well to do middle class family in Glasgow.
Major J.M. Gordon Hendry and D. Phyllis Dart Q.A.I.M.N.S
18th July 1945, Glasgow
It would appear both returned to Europe a week or so after the wedding with Dad rejoining the regiment in Germany, and Mum rejoining the 101 General Hospital at Netley. However Mum's return to Europe was a short one as on 18 September she was granted 66 days leave and was finally "released from actual duty" as of 23 November 1945. This would have been as a result of her being pregnant as their first child, Pamela was born the following year on 17th February 1946, at 27 Harden Road, Leamore, Walsall, Mum's family home as my father was still on active service in Germany. I will leave you to do the calculations!
My mother and my sister - April 1946, Walsall
By the end of hostilities my father had attained the rank of Major and had been mentioned in dispatches for his leadership in this campaign in NorthWest Europe. In the period immediately after the armistice he was appointed to preside over one of the military courts set up to try Wermacht personnel and any one guilty of offending the military law in the area of Germany controlled by the 52nd Lowland Division. I would imagine that he was selected for this task due to him being part through his Law degree at Glasgow University.
My father's was demobbed in the April of 1946, and by August of that year he and his new wife and baby daughter had set up home at 21 Leslie Street. Later that ame year 0n 21 October 1946, his widowed father, John Williamson Hendry, married Elizabeth Burnside Campbell Dalglish, the daughter of Walter Dalglish and Jeannie Semple Caldwell in Glasgow, Lanarkshire.
John W. Hendry and Elizabeth Burnside Campbell Dalglish Wedding
along with J. M. Gordon and Dorothy Phyllis Hendry
John W. Hendry was again President of Clydesdale Cricket Club, a singular honour as 1948 was the club's centenary year. The photo below shows J.W.H. with the 1st and 2nd X1 of that year, in which they had also won the Rowan Charity and Western District Association Cups.
John W. Hendry and the 1st and 2nd X1 of Clydesdale Cricket Club - 1948
In the New Years Honours List of 1953 John Williamson Hendry was awarded the OBE for "For political and public services in Glasgow", and in the November of that year I made my appearance at the then family home of 1a Dalkeith Avenue, Ibrox, Glasgow.
John W Hendry O.B.E. - Glasgow Herald 2 January 1953
John Williamson Hendry died on 24 Mar 1955 in 4 Boleyn Road, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Elizabeth Burnside Campbell Hendry, nee Dalglish, died four years later in 3 May 1959 at the Victoria Infirmary, although her usual address was 4 Boleyn Road, Glasgow, Lanarkshire.
Intimations for Hendry deaths - Glasgow Herald for 25 March 1955 and 4 May 1959
My Mum died, aged 43, on 26 September 1960, at the Victoria Hospital on the South side of Glasgow, immediately following an operation for cancer of the colon. The family home was at 32 Hamilton Avenue, Pollokshields, Glasgow at the time.
Glasgow Herald 28 September 1960
On 17 August 1961 in Newton Mearns, Renfrewshire, my father remarried to Dorothy Margaret Kerr Mackie, the daughter of William Mackie and Blanche Soutar. This brought big changes the most telling of which was that the cottage at Newton was sold, which upset both my sister and I hugely. Sadly the marriage was not a success, with the couple separating in about 1967 and finally divorcing on 15 July 1975. Happily in 1980 he married again to Janet Law in 1980 in Glasgow. He died on 24 January 1992 at the family home at 15 Matilda Road, Pollokshields, Glasgow.
As far my father's life after the war go I can probably do no better than to quote from my fathers obituary in the Glasgow Herald of January 1992
"On demobilisation and after completing his legal apprenticeship in Glasgow he joined his father's firm of Kay, Morton, Hendry & Stewart where he remained as a partner until, as the result of an amalgamation, (and the death of his father in 24th March 1955) he became a partner in 1957 of the legal firm of Anderson, Young & Dickson also in Glasgow. Here Gordon proved himself to be a true example of a Scottish family solicitor or "man of business"; his incisive mind together with his understanding and compassionate nature enabled him not to restrict his advice and assistance to those seeking his help to matters of a purely technical legal nature alone. Such characteristics led Gordon to become involved in a multitude of charitable organisations. In 1972 he was elected as Clerk to the Incorporation of Masons in Glasgow. For a number of years he was also Secretary of such charities as the Barony of Gorbals and the Southern Merchants Benevolent Societies. He also served on the Earl Haig Fund and the Officers Association and on the Committee responsible for Flanders House in Glasgow. He was Chairman of the Regimental Association of the Royal Highland Fusiliers for several years until 1977. It was in 1977 that he retired from private practise as a solicitor when, at the instance of the then Lord President of the Court of Session and a contemporary of his at school. Gordon was appointed as a full-time Chairman of Industrial Tribunals in Scotland. This was work for which he appeared to be well suited and which gave him much satisfaction and happiness. He retired from this appointment in the Spring of 1991 having made many friends amongst his fellow Chairmen and lay members of the tribunals. Privately Gordon was a caring and entirely unselfish person with a keen and quiet sense of humour; he was always interested in other people and their activities and problems. For those privileged to be numbered amongst his friends impossible to replace. He was intensely proud of his family and is survived by a devoted wife, daughter and son together with nine grandchildren or step-grandchildren."
As to myself that as they say is another story ........